A randomized clinical trial to study the effect of silicone gel dressing and pressure therapy on posttraumatic hypertrophic scars.
ABSTRACT To investigate the effect of pressure therapy (PG), silicone gel sheeting (SGS), and combined therapy on the management of posttraumatic hypertrophic scar (HS) using a randomized controlled clinical trial. A total of 104 subjects with HS mostly resulting from burns and scald injuries (63 men and 41 women; average age: 21.8 +/- 18.7 years) were recruited from Jiangsu People's First Affiliated Hospital in Nanjing, China. The mean scar formation period was 14.9 +/- 30.8 months. All subjects were randomly allocated into four groups, namely the PG, SGS, combined PG and SGS groups, and single-blinded control group for the treatment of 6 months. Standardized scar assessments (pigmentation, vascularity, thickness, pain, and itchiness) were conducted before the intervention, 2, 4, and 6 months of the intervention, and 1 month after completion of the program, respectively, to observe the progress of the treatments. The results showed that the combined therapy seemed to be more effective in improving the thickness of scar after 2 months of intervention (P < .001). After 6 months of intervention, both the combined therapy group and the PG group showed significant improvement in scar thickness. The improvement in scar thickness was most significant in the combined therapy group. SGS was found to be more effective in alleviating the pain and pruritus rather than the scar thickness. This randomized clinical trial has demonstrated the evidence of the effect of combined PG and gel intervention on posttraumatic HS. The PG group showed an improvement in scar thickness too. Further studies are needed to investigate the biomechanical and physiological effect that PG and gel sheeting would exert on the scar tissues.
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ABSTRACT: Many techniques for management of hypertrophic scars and keloids have been proven through extensive use, but few have been supported by prospective studies with adequate control groups. Several new therapies showed good results in small-scale trials, but these have not been repeated in larger trials with long-term follow-up. This article reports a qualitative overview of the available clinical literature by an international panel of experts using standard methods of appraisal. The article provides evidence- based recommendations on prevention and treatment of abnormal scarring and, where studies are insufficient, consensus on best practice. The recommendations focus on the management of hypertrophic scars and keloids, and are internationally applicable in a range of clinical situations. These recommendations support a move to a more evidence-based approach in scar management. This approach highlights a primary role for silicon gel sheeting and intralesional corticosteroids in the management of a wide variety of abnormal scars. The authors concluded that these are the only treatments for which sufficient evidence exists to make evidence-based recommendations. A number of other therapies that are in common use have achieved acceptance by the authors as standard practice. However, it is highly desirable that many standard practice and new emerging therapies undergo large-scale studies with long-term follow-up before being recommended conclusively as alternative therapies for scar management.Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 09/2004; 129(4):296-306. · 0.69 Impact Factor
- The Journal of trauma 01/1977; 16(12):958-67. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hypertrophic scars represent an abnormal, exaggerated healing response after skin injury. In addition to cosmetic concern, scars may cause pain, pruritus, contractures, and other functional impairments. Therapeutic modalities include topical medications, intralesional corticosteroids, laser therapy, and cryosurgery. Topical therapies, in particular, have become increasingly popular because of their ease of use, comfort, noninvasiveness, and relatively low cost. This review will discuss the properties and effectiveness of these agents, including pressure therapy, silicone gel sheeting and ointment, polyurethane dressing, onion extract, imiquimod 5% cream, and vitamins A and E in the prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scars.Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 01/2007; 55(6):1024-31. · 4.91 Impact Factor