XMRV infection in patients with prostate cancer: novel serologic assay and correlation with PCR and FISH.
ABSTRACT To develop a serum-based assay to detect neutralizing antibodies to the xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) retrovirus and to use this assay with polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridization to identify patients with prostate cancer previously exposed to XMRV infection and those who carry XMRV viral sequences in their prostate.
Patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy were enrolled, and biologic specimens were obtained at surgery. The patients were genotyped for the R462Q RNASEL variant using a TaqMan genotyping assay on DNA from the peripheral blood. A serum assay that detects XMRV neutralizing antibodies was developed and used to determine which patients had serologic evidence of previous infection with XMRV virus. Some of these patients were also tested for the presence of XMRV nucleotide sequences in their prostate using polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis.
At a serum dilution of 1:150, our assay detected 11 (27.5%) of 40 patients with XMRV neutralizing antibodies, including 8 (40%) of 20 with the RNASEL genotype QQ and 3 (15%) of 20 with either the RQ or RR genotype. These results were in complete concordance with 2 other assays (polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridization), which were designed to detect XMRV infection.
XMRV infects some patients with prostate cancer. Neutralizing antibodies against XMRV correlated with 2 independent methods of detecting the virus in the prostate. The antibody response suggests that with clinical serologic assay development, it might be possible to screen patients for XMRV infection. The cases presented in the present report provided biologic samples that can be used for the development of a clinically relevant assay.
SourceAvailable from: Mazaher Khodabandehloo[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background: Multiple etiologies have been hypothesized for prostate cancer, including genetic defects and infectious agents. A recently reported gamaretrovirus, xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) has been reported to be detected in prostate cancer. However, this virus has not been detected in similar groups of patients in other studies. Herein, we sought to detect XMRV in prostate cancers and benign controls in Sanandaj, west of Iran. Materials and Methods: In a case-control study, genomic DNA was extracted from formalin fixed and paraffin embedded prostate tissues from a total of 163 Iranian patients. We developed a conventional and a nested PCR assay using primers targeting to an env specific sequence of XMRV. PCR assays were carried out on 63 prostate cancers and 100 benign prostate hyperplasias. Results: Beta-actin sequences were successfully detected in the DNA extracts from all prostate tissues, confirming DNA extraction integrity. We did not detect XMRV in samples either from prostate cancers or benign prostate hyperplasias using XMRV specific primers. Conclusions: We conclude that in our population XMRV does not play a role in genesis of prostate cancer.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 11/2013; 14(11):6929-33. DOI:10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.6929 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This work reports on a novel effort to use Avalanche PhotoDiodes (APDs) to construct an active pixel detector for charged particles in collider experiments. A dual-beam Focused Ion Beam setup was used to characterize the response of the device. Results on the sensitivity of the guard structures separating pixels are compared to a detailed Monte Carlo simulation. These results suggest that, through control of the doping concentration, devices with a much improved fill factor can be achieved. A new technology is proposed that could elevate the fill factor to 100%.Sensors and Actuators A Physical 12/2011; 172(1). DOI:10.1016/j.sna.2011.05.011 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Quite a few epidemiological studies including meta-analyses indicate that prostate inflammation is associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. The cause of inflammation in the prostate is speculated to be several microorganisms that cause prostatitis or sexually transmitted infections. Other specific microorganisms, such as xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus, are also reported to relate to the development of prostate cancer; however, the contribution of this microorganism to prostate cancer development needs to be carefully interpreted. Environmental factors, especially dietary factors, might also be associated with prostate cancer development. Among related dietary factors, charred meat carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine might be a link between environmental factors and inflammation, because 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine has the potential to accelerate prostate inflammation through its estrogenic effect. In light of these findings, preventing or reducing prostate inflammation might be one strategy for chemoprevention of prostate cancer.International Journal of Urology 07/2012; 20(2). DOI:10.1111/j.1442-2042.2012.03101.x · 1.80 Impact Factor