Soil microbial community structure in cucumber rhizosphere of different resistance cultivars to fusarium wilt.
ABSTRACT Cucumber fusarium wilt is a common soil-borne disease. We hypothesize that there is a relationship between the severity of disease and soil microbial ecology. In this work, culturable microbial populations, lipid fatty acid and community-level physiological profiles (CLPP) from rhizosphere soils of four different cucumber cultivars were investigated. Comparatively higher actinomycetes, mycorrhizal colonization and higher ratios of bacteria to fungi were found in the two resistant cultivars compared with the two susceptible cultivars. CLPP analysis showed that catabolic diversity indices were higher in the presence of two resistant cultivars. Phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiles suggested that fungal (18:2omega6,9c) PLFA was enriched in the rhizosphere soils of the two susceptible cultivars, but some bacterial (16:0 and 15:0a) PLFAs were found in a lower relative abundance in these soils. The neutral lipid fatty acid 16:1omega5, which is an indicator of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, was enriched in the rhizosphere soils of the two resistant cultivars. All the three methods suggested that plant genotype had a significant impact on the soil microbial community composition and activity, and the differences in the rhizosphere microbial community may result in the differences in the resistance to fusarium wilt.
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ABSTRACT: Mycorrhizal fungi form extensive mycelia in soil and play significant roles in most soil ecosystems. The estimation of their biomasses is thus of importance in order to understand their possible role in soil nutrient processes. For arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi the signature fatty acid 16:1ω5 provides a new and promising tool for the estimation of AM fungal biomass in soil and roots. For ectomycorrhizal fungi 18:2ω6,9 dominates among the fatty acids and can be used as an indicator of mycelial biomass of these fungi in soil in experimental systems. In biomass estimation primarily the phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) are suitable. Through the use of specific PLFAs it is possible to study interactions between mycorrhizal mycelia and bacteria in soil as well as between AM fungal mycelia and mycelia of saprophytic and parasitic fungi in soil and in roots. AM fungi, in particular, store a large proportion of their energy as lipids and by using the signature fatty acids it is possible to determine the relation between membrane and storage lipids, which could be an indication of energy storage levels. Various aspects of how the fatty acid signatures can be used for studies related to questions of biomass distribution and nutritional status of mycorrhizal fungi are discussed.FEMS Microbiology Ecology 01/2006; 29(4):303 - 310. · 3.56 Impact Factor
- European Journal of Soil Science 01/2006; 57:72-82. · 2.65 Impact Factor
- New Phytologist - NEW PHYTOL. 01/1980; 84(3):489-500.