To approximate the workload of blood pressure (BP) measurements and lifestyle counselling in primary healthcare when the related guidelines are followed. To evaluate the impact of facilitated guideline implementation with respect to workloads.
Modelling study after cross-sectional audit process.
Thirty-one municipal health stations. Intervention Intrinsic facilitation in implementation of hypertension guideline.
Number and level (normal <140/85 mmHg, slightly 140-160/85-95 mmHg or markedly elevated >160/95 mmHg) of BP measurements at nurses' appointments, approximation of time allocated for measurements and lifestyle counselling before and 1 year after the intervention.
A total of 3119 BP measurements were recorded during the audit week in 2002. BP level measurements were "normal" in 1214 (38.9%), slightly elevated in 1371 (44.0%) and markedly elevated in 534 (17.1%). According to the modelling, 12% of a nurse's workday consisted of BP recordings and counselling. After intervention, the corresponding figures were 2330 measurements (828 (35.5%) normal, 990 (42.5%) slightly and 512 (22.0%) markedly elevated) corresponding to 6.3% of the workday.
Through facilitation programmes, it is possible to change working practices according to the related guidelines, agree on the division of tasks and empower patients to engage with their own treatment. These changes can lead to considerable decreases in the workload of health centre personnel with consequent redistribution of personnel resources to patients in true need for services.
"During the first year of the programme, the implementation focused on the hypertension guideline (Figure 1). The facilitators tailored a local care pathway for hypertension patients (a flowchart on the basis of the Current Care Guidelines) and further implemented the care pathway in interactive workshops in their own health care units . In the flowchart, the diagnosis of hypertension, examinations and follow-up schema according to both total cardiovascular risk and blood pressure limits were described. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antihypertensive drug choices and treatment levels are not in accordance with the existing guidelines. We aimed to assess the impact of a guideline implementation intervention on antihypertensive drug prescribing.
In this controlled before and after study, the effects of a multifaceted (education, audit and feedback, local care pathway) quality programme was evaluated. The intervention was carried out in a health centre between 2002 and 2003. From each health care unit (n = 31), a doctor-nurse pair was trained to act as peer facilitators in the intervention.All antihypertensive drugs prescribed by 25 facilitator general practitioners (intervention GPs) and 53 control GPs were retrieved from the nationwide Prescription Register for three-month periods in 2001 and 2003. The proportions of patients receiving specific antihypertensive drugs and multiple antihypertensive drugs were measured before and after the intervention for three subgroups of hypertension patients: hypertension only, with coronary heart disease, and with diabetes.
In all subgroups, the use of multiple concurrent medications increased. For intervention patients with hypertension only, the odds ratio (OR) was 1.12 (95% CI 0.99, 1.25; p = 0.06) and for controls 1.13 (1.05, 1.21; p = 0.002). We observed no statistically significant differences in the change in the prescribing of specific antihypertensive agents between the intervention and control groups. The use of agents acting on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system increased in all subgroups (hypertension only intervention patients OR 1.19 (1.06, 1.34; p = 0.004) and controls OR 1.24 (1.15, 1.34; p < 0.0001).
A multifaceted guideline implementation intervention does not necessarily lead to significant changes in prescribing performance. Rigorous planning of the interventions and quality projects and their evaluation are essential.
BMC Family Practice 08/2011; 12(1):87. DOI:10.1186/1471-2296-12-87 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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