α1-Acid glycoprotein production in rat dorsal air pouch in response to inflammatory stimuli, dexamethasone and honey bee venom

School of Biology, Department of Genetics, Development and Molecular Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 56124 Thessaloniki, Greece.
Experimental and Molecular Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.71). 04/2010; 89(1):63-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.yexmp.2010.03.008
Source: PubMed


This study shows the rapid and differential production of the 40-43 kDa and the 70-90 kDa alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) fucosylated glycoforms after treatment of the dorsal air pouch with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), HgCl(2) or Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). The 40-43 kDa and the 70-90 kDa AGP production is peaked 1-3 h post-LPS treatment. We observed that the responses to LPS and FCA are similar in that both AGP isoforms are induced whereas they differ in that the FCA exhibits a 6 h lag period. The response to HgCl(2,) however, exhibits the specific biphasic induction only of the 40-43 kDa AGP. The serum 40-43 kDa AGP glycoform gradually increases in response to all of the above stimulants and peaks by 24 h post- treatment. The increase of the 70-90 kDa AGP levels in the air pouch occurs in association with the accumulation of polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells while dexamethasone (DEX) increases only the 40-43 kDa AGP production in the absence of PMN accumulation. Macrophage-monocyte lineage cells forming the air pouch lining tissue may potentially be the cells that secrete the 40-43 kDa AGP while polymorphonuclear cells that infiltrate the air pouch secrete the 70-90 kDa AGP. The 40-43 kDa and 70-90 kDa AGP production induced by LPS in the air pouch precedes that of interleukin-1 (IL-1) or interleukin-6 (IL-6) while the 40-43 kDa AGP glycoform potentially increases IL-6 production by air pouch PMN exudate cells. These significant differences suggest a local pro-inflammatory role of AGP. Honeybee venom suppressed arthritis development and exhibited differential local or systemic regulation of AGP in serum vs. air pouch exudate or synovial fluid. This study with the air pouch model of facsimile synovium tissue suggests that local alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) production may contribute to pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory activities during the local acute phase response or during chronic inflammatory stress as in arthritis.

Download full-text


Available from: Theodolinta Testa, Jan 22, 2014
37 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is an acute-phase protein produced by hepatocytes and secreted into plasma in response to infection/injury. We recently assessed the transcriptional program of terminal granulocytic differentiation by microarray analysis of bone marrow (BM) populations highly enriched in promyelocytes, myelocytes/metamyelocytes (MYs), and BM neutrophils. These analyses demonstrated a transient, high mRNA expression of genuine secondary/tertiary granule proteins and AGP in MYs. In agreement with this, immunocytochemistry revealed the presence of AGP protein and the secondary granule protein lactoferrin in cells from the MY stage and throughout granulocytic differentiation. Immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated the colocalization of AGP and lactoferrin in secondary granules of neutrophils. This finding was substantiated by the failure to detect AGP and lactoferrin in blood cells from a patient with secondary/tertiary (specific) granule deficiency. In addition, Western blot analysis of subcellular fractions isolated from neutrophils revealed that neutrophil-derived AGP, localized in secondary granules, was abundant and highly glycosylated compared with endocytosed, plasma-derived AGP localized in secretory vesicles. Exocytosis studies further demonstrated a marked release of AGP and lactoferrin by activated neutrophils. Finally, induction of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)-epsilon in a myeloid cell line was shown to increase AGP transcript levels, indicating that AGP expression in myeloid cells, like in hepatocytes, is partially regulated by members of the C/EBP family. Overall, these findings define AGP as a genuine secondary granule protein of neutrophils. Hence, neutrophils, which constitute the first line of defense, are likely to serve as the primary local source of AGP at sites of infection or injury.
    Journal of Leukocyte Biology 09/2005; 78(2):462-70. DOI:10.1189/jlb.0105042 · 4.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We recently demonstrated that bee venom (BV) injection into the Zusanli acupoint produced a significantly more potent anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effect than injection into a non-acupoint in a Freund's adjuvant induced rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. However, the precise BV constituents responsible for these antinociceptive and/or anti-inflammatory effects are not fully understood. In order to investigate the possible role of the soluble fraction of BV in producing the anti-arthritic actions of BV acupuncture, whole BV was extracted into two fractions according to solubility (a water soluble fraction, BVA and an ethylacetate soluble fraction, BVE) and the BVA fraction was further tested. Subcutaneous BVA injection (0.9 mg/kg/day) into the Zusanli acupoint was found to dramatically inhibit paw edema and radiological change (i.e. new bone proliferation and soft tissue swelling) caused by Freund's adjuvant injection. BVA treatment also reduced the increase in serum interleukin-6 caused by RA induction to levels observed in non-arthritic animals. In addition, BVA therapy significantly reduced arthritis-induced nociceptive behaviors (i.e. nociceptive scores for mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal hyperalgesia). Finally, BVA treatment significantly suppressed adjuvant-induced Fos expression in the lumbar spinal cord at 3 weeks post-adjuvant injection. In contrast, BVE treatment (0.05 mg/kg/day) failed to show any anti-inflammatory or antinociceptive effects on RA. The results of the present study demonstrate that BVA is the effective fraction of whole BV responsible for the antinociception and anti-inflammatory effects of BV acupuncture treatment. Thus it is recommended that this fraction of BV be used for long-term treatment of RA-induced pain and inflammation. However, further study is necessary to clarify which constituents of the BVA fraction are directly responsible for these anti-arthritis effects.
    Life Sciences 06/2002; 71(2):191-204. DOI:10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01617-X · 2.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: alpha 1-Acid glycoprotein (AGP) exists as an heterogeneous population of glycosylated variants (glycoforms) in plasma. The concentration of AGP increases some 2-5 fold in certain pathophysiological states exemplified by the chronic inflammatory disease, rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Moreover, the expressed glycosylation pattern alters in such conditions, indicating functional significance that is likely to be related to the oligosaccharide heterogeneity. We have investigated the heterogeneity of AGP glycosylation using the technique of high pH anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC). AGP was isolated from the blood of RA sufferers, partially separated by Concanavalin A (Con A) affinity chromatography into bound and non-bound fractions and was enzymatically deglycosylated. Chromatography on the pellicular HPAE resin at pH 13 separated the released oligosaccharides and allowed a comparison of profiles in terms of branching and fucosylation. Results demonstrate an abnormal RA AGP glycosylation, with a tendency towards tri- and tetra-antennary oligosaccharides and enhanced fucosylation, in addition to the possible existence of penta-sialylated RA AGP glycoforms.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications 02/1997; 688(2):229-37. DOI:10.1016/S0378-4347(96)00309-X
Show more