A novel peripherin gene (PRPH) mutation identified in one sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patient
ABSTRACT Motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are characterized by the presence of inclusion bodies composed of intermediate filament (IF) proteins. Peripherin protein is as components of these inclusions and rare mutations in peripherin gene (PRPH) were identified in sporadic ALS cases. The aim of this study was to further define the spectrum of PRPH mutations in a cohort of 122 Italian ALS patients. We screened the coding sequence, the exon/intron boundaries, and the 5'-3' un-translated regions (UTRs) in 122 ALS patients. Eighteen sequence variations were detected. Seven variants were not identified in a panel of at least 245 matched controls, including 2 missense variations, namely p.R133P and p.D141Y, each identified in one heterozygous patient. p.R133P was newly identified whereas p.D141Y was previously described in one homozygous sporadic ALS patient. These 2 variants were predicted to have a deleterious effect on protein structure or function. This work contributes to determine the role of PRPH gene variants in ALS. Further studies are necessary to define the mechanisms through which the mutant peripherin could cause ALS phenotype.
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ABSTRACT: In an effort to find possible new gene candidates involved in the causation of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a prior version of the on-line brain gene expression atlas GENSAT was extensively searched for selectively intense expression within spinal motor neurons. Using autoradiographic data of in-situ hybridization from 3430 genes, a search for selectively intense activity was made for the anterior horn region of murine lumbar spinal cord sectioned in the axial plane. Of 3430 genes, a group of 17 genes was found to be highly expressed within the anterior horn suggesting localization to its primary cellular constituent, the alpha spinal motor neuron. For some genes, an inter-relationship to ALS was already known, such as for heavy, medium, and light neurofilaments, and peripherin. Other genes identified include: Gamma Synuclein, GDNF, SEMA3A, Extended Synaptotagmin-like protein 1, LYNX1, HSPA12a, Cadherin 22, PRKACA, TPPP3 as well as Choline Acetyltransferase, Janus Kinase 1, and the Motor Neuron and Pancreas Homeobox 1. Based on this study, Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 was found to have a particularly selective and intense localization pattern to the ventral horn and may be a good target for development of motor neuron disease therapies; further research is needed.Neurology International 04/2014; 6(2):5367. DOI:10.4081/ni.2014.5367
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ABSTRACT: Peripherin is a type III intermediate filament protein, the expression of which is associated with the acquisition and maintenance of a terminally differentiated neuronal phenotype. Peripherin upregulation occurs during acute neuronal injury and in degenerating motor neurons of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The functional role(s) of peripherin during normal, injurious and disease conditions remains unknown, but may be related to differential expression of spliced isoforms. To better understand peripherin function, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen on a mouse brain cDNA library using an assembly-incompetent peripherin isoform, Per-61, as bait. We identified new peripherin interactors with roles in vesicular trafficking, signal transduction, DNA/RNA processing, protein folding and mitochondrial metabolism. We focused on the interaction of Per-61 and the constitutive isoform, Per-58, with SNAP25 interacting protein 30 (SIP30), a neuronal protein involved in SNAP receptor-dependent exocytosis. We found that peripherin and SIP30 interacted through coiled-coil domains and co-localized in cytoplasmic aggregates in SW-13vim(-) cells. Interestingly, Per-61 and Per-58 differentially altered the subcellular distribution of SIP30 and SNAP25 in primary motor neurons. Our findings suggest a novel role of peripherin in vesicle trafficking.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Journal of Neurochemistry 08/2014; 131(5). DOI:10.1111/jnc.12928 · 4.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intracellular proteinaceous inclusions are well-documented hallmarks of the fatal motor neuron disorder amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The pathological significance of these inclusions remains unknown. Peripherin, a type III intermediate filament protein, is upregulated in ALS and identified as a component within different types of ALS inclusions. The formation of these inclusions may be associated with abnormal peripherin splicing, whereby an increase in mRNA retaining introns 3 and 4 (Per-3,4) leads to the generation of an aggregation-prone isoform, Per-28. During the course of evaluating peripherin filament assembly in SW-13 cells, we identified that expression of both Per-3,4 and Per-28 transcripts formed inclusions with categorically distinct morphology: Per-3,4 was associated with cytoplasmic condensed/bundled filaments, small inclusions (<10μM), or large inclusions (≥10μM); while Per-28 was associated with punctate inclusions in the nucleus and/or cytoplasm. We found temporal and spatial changes in inclusion morphology between 12-48hr post-transfected cells, which were accompanied by unique immunofluorescent and biochemical changes of other ALS-relevant proteins, including TDP-43 and ubiquitin. Despite mild cytotoxicity associated with peripherin transfection, Per-3,4 and Per-28 expression increased cell viability during H2O2-mediated oxidative stress in BE(2)-M17 neuroblastoma cells. Taken together, this study shows that ALS-associated peripherin isoforms form dynamic cytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions, effect changes in local endogenous protein expression, and afford cytoprotection against oxidative stress. These findings may have important relevance to understanding the pathophysiological role of inclusions in ALS.Experimental Neurology 06/2014; 261. DOI:10.1016/j.expneurol.2014.05.024 · 4.62 Impact Factor