Conference Paper

Portable High Resolution LFM-CW Radar Sensor in Millimeter-Wave Band

D. Senales, Sistemas y Radiocomunicaciones, Univ. Polytech. de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
DOI: 10.1109/SENSORCOMM.2007.4394888 Conference: Sensor Technologies and Applications, 2007. SensorComm 2007. International Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT This paper presents a portable radar sensor developed in the Universidad Politecnica de Madrid. The system transmits a Linear Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (LFM-CW) with two-antenna configuration for transmission and reception. The radar transmits at millimeter-wave band with a maximum bandwidth of 2 GHz and a transmitted power of 1 W. The system is modular, compact and lightweight. The sensor allows range intervals tuning and sampling the received signals with a constant rate. By this, it is particularly attractive for portable applications. Finally, the system performance has been tested in a traffic surveillance experiment.

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    • "An INS unit is used to measure the aircraft motion. The MINISARA [4] from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid is a portable SAR system with a center frequency of 34 GHz and a bandwidth of 2 GHz. The system is small (24 × 16 × 9 cm) and lightweight (2.5 kg). "
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    ABSTRACT: Small low-cost high-resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems are made possible by using a linear frequency-modulated continuous-wave (LFM-CW) signal. SAR processing assumes that the sensor is moving in a straight line at a constant speed, but in actuality, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or airplane will often significantly deviate from this ideal. This nonideal motion can seriously degrade the SAR image quality. In a continuous-wave system, this motion happens during the radar pulse, which means that existing motion compensation techniques that approximate the position as constant over a pulse are limited for LFM-CW SAR. Small aircraft and UAVs are particularly susceptible to atmospheric turbulence, making the need for motion compensation even greater for SARs operating on these platforms. In this paper, the LFM-CW SAR signal model is presented, and processing algorithms are discussed. The effects of nonideal motion on the SAR signal are derived, and new methods for motion correction are developed, which correct for motion during the pulse. These new motion correction algorithms are verified with simulated data and with actual data collected using the Brigham Young University muSAR system.
    IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 11/2008; DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2008.921958 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents an experimental Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) system that is under development in the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. The system uses Linear Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (LFM-CW) radar with a two antenna configuration for transmission and reception. The radar operates in the millimeter-wave band with a maximum transmitted bandwidth of 2 GHz. The proposed system is being developed for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) operation. Motion errors in UAV operation can be critical. Therefore, this paper proposes a method for focusing SAR images with movement errors larger than the resolution cell. Typically, this problem is solved using two processing steps: first, coarse motion compensation based on the information provided by an Inertial Measuring Unit (IMU); and second, fine motion compensation for the residual errors within the resolution cell based on the received raw data. The proposed technique tries to focus the image without using data of an IMU. The method is based on a combination of the well known Phase Gradient Autofocus (PGA) for SAR imagery and typical algorithms for translational motion compensation on Inverse SAR (ISAR). This paper shows the first real experiments for obtaining high resolution SAR images using a car as a mobile platform for our radar.
    Sensors 05/2008; 8(5). DOI:10.3390/s8053384 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of millimeter-wave radars allows a weight and size reduction of circuits and antennas, which is an important characteristic for Through-the-Wall Surveillance (TWS) applications. Furthermore, when using the millimeter-wave band, a large amount of bandwidth can be easily transmitted, given that the relative bandwidth is smaller. This leads to a high range resolution that allows for the discrimination of several targets that are very close in range, e.g., inside a room. The azimuth resolution is also improved due to the availability in this band of directive antennas with small dimensions. This paper studies the feasibility of using a millimeter-wave linear frequency-modulated continuous-wave radar in a TWS application. A TWS experiment in a real scenario has been done to demonstrate the validity of the theoretical analysis.
    IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 07/2009; DOI:10.1109/TGRS.2008.2007738 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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