Generalized Motor Abilities and Timing Behavior in Children With Specific Language Impairment

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research (Impact Factor: 2.07). 04/2010; 53(2):383-93. DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2009/08-0204)
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine whether children with specific language impairment (SLI) differ from normally developing peers in motor skills, especially those skills related to timing.
Standard measures of gross and fine motor development were obtained. Furthermore, finger and hand movements were recorded while children engaged in 4 different timing tasks, including tapping and drawing circles in time with a metronome or a visual target. Fourteen children with SLI (age 6 to 8 years) and 14 age-matched peers who were typically developing participated.
As expected, children with SLI showed poorer performance on a standardized test of gross and fine motor skill than did their normally developing peers. However, timing skill in the manual domain was equivalent to that seen in typically developing children.
Consistent with earlier findings, relatively poor gross and fine motor performance is observed in children with SLI. Surprisingly, rhythmic timing is spared.

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Available from: Howard Zelaznik, Jan 08, 2014
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    • "Numerous studies have shown the connection between fine motor skill and speech. For example, various speech disorders correlate with poor fine motor skills (Hill, 2001; Zelaznik and Goffman, 2010; Highman et al., 2013). Children with speech articulation deficits such as phonological disorder or developmental dyspraxia often present with deficits in manual dexterity (Viholainen et al., 2002; Visscher et al., 2007; Preston et al., 2010). "
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    Frontiers in Psychology 11/2014; 5. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01267 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    • "These developmental observations lead naturally to the hypothesis that children with language impairment may not only manifest deficits in language production, but also in the bodily mediated expression of words associated with actions. Support for this idea comes from several findings indicating that children with language disorders often have problems beyond the language domain, and that extend to motor control skills (Hill, 2001; Zelaznik & Goffman, 2010). Thus, we investigated whether verb production through non-linguistic modalities is impaired in children with specific language impairment (SLI). "
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    • "Nor are sex diff erences found in the relative area or thickness of motor cortex (Kang, et al., 2011a). However , diff erences have been found in the structure of the cerebellum (Fan, Tang, Sun, Gong, Chen, Lin, et al., 2010), a brain region that is known to play a central role in the generation of rapid alternating movements. "
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