COX2 expression in prognosis and in prediction to endocrine therapy in early breast cancer patients.

Department of Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (Impact Factor: 4.47). 04/2010; 125(3):671-85. DOI: 10.1007/s10549-010-0854-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In breast cancer, the prognostic impact of COX2 expression varies widely between studies. We examined the prognostic value of COX2 expression in a large cohort of breast cancer patients treated with primary surgery between 1985 and 1994 and explained the variable results of COX2 expression found in the literature. A tissue microarray was constructed of available tumour material, and ER, PgR, HER2, Ki67 and COX2 were examined by immunohistochemistry. Median follow-up was 19 years. Fifty-five percent (n = 369/677) of patients received no systemic treatment. COX2 was scored using a weighted histoscore. Analysis of COX2 expression in two groups based on the median (148; below vs. above) showed an increased hazard ratio (HR) of 1.35 (95% CI 1.05-1.75, P = 0.021) for disease-free survival (DFS) and of 1.39 (95% CI 1.03-1.82, P = 0.016) for overall survival (OS). However, COX2 did not remain independent in multivariate analysis. In patients with hormone receptor positive tumours, COX2 expression had a negative influence on outcome (low vs. high: DFS: HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.07-1.76, P = 0.013). This effect disappeared when endocrine therapy was administered (low vs. high: DFS: HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.51-1.70, P = 0.811) while it remained statistically significant when endocrine therapy was omitted (low vs. high: DFS: HR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.94, P = 0.005). Our results show that COX2 plays a role in hormonal pathways. Our results can explain the results found in previously published studies.

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    ABSTRACT: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterised by lack of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2/neu gene amplification. TNBC patients typically present at a younger age, with a larger average tumor size, higher grade and higher rates of lymph node positivity compared to patients with ER/PR-positive tumors. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 regulates the production of prostaglandins and is overexpressed in a variety of solid tumors. In breast cancer, the overexpression of COX-2 is associated with indicators of poor prognosis, such as lymph node metastasis, poor differentiation and large tumor size. Since both TNBC status and COX-2 overexpression are known poor prognostic markers in primary breast cancer, we hypothesized that the COX-2 protein is overexpressed in the primary tumors of TNBC patients. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there exists an association between TNBC status and COX-2 protein overexpression in primary breast cancer. We prospectively evaluated COX-2 expression levels in primary tumor samples obtained from 125 patients with stage I-III breast cancer treated between February, 2005 and October, 2007. Information on clinicopathological factors was obtained from a prospective database. Baseline tumor characteristics and patient demographics were compared between TNBC and non-TNBC patients using the Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. In total, 60.8% of the patients were classified as having ER-positive tumors, 51.2% were PR-positive, 14.4% had HER-2/neu amplification and 28.0% were classified as TNBC. COX-2 overexpression was found in 33.0% of the patients. TNBC was associated with COX-2 overexpression (P=0.009), PR expression (P=0.048) and high tumor grade (P=0.001). After adjusting for age, menopausal status, body mass index (BMI), lymph node status and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), TNBC was an independent predictor of COX-2 overexpression (P=0.01). In conclusion, the association between TNBC and COX-2 overexpression in operable breast cancer supports further investigation into COX-2-targeted therapy for patients with TNBC.
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of integrin alpha3beta1 is associated with tumor progression, metastasis, and poor prognosis in several cancers, including breast cancer. Moreover, preclinical studies have revealed important pro-tumorigenic and pro-metastatic functions for this integrin, including tumor growth, survival, invasion, and paracrine induction of angiogenesis. Our previously published work in a preclinical breast cancer model showed that integrin alpha3beta1 promotes expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2/PTGS2), a known driver of breast cancer progression. However, the clinical significance of this regulation was unknown. The objective of the current study was to assess the clinical relevance of the relationship between integrin alpha3beta1 and COX2 by testing for their correlated expression among various forms of human breast cancer.
    BMC Cancer 06/2014; 14(1):459. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prognostic value of enhanced COX-2 expression in breast cancer has been controversial for a long time. The opinions vary widely between studies. Moreover, significant majority of studies considered only COX-2 expression in cancer epithelial cells.
    BMC Cancer 09/2014; 14(1):732. · 3.33 Impact Factor

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