Possible delayed cut-end recurrence after limited resection for ground-glass opacity adenocarcinoma, intraoperatively diagnosed as Noguchi type B, in three patients.
ABSTRACT In our limited resection trial of pulmonary peripheral ground-glass opacity (GGO) lesions from 1998 to 2002, limited resection of Noguchi type A and B carcinomas seemed to have a positive outcome. However, recently three of the 24 patients, with mixed GGO lesions intraoperatively diagnosed as type B, developed a solid lesion at the cut-end scar.
Medical records and radiology and pathology findings of the three patients were reviewed. We also analyzed epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations when possible.
Radiologically, these three second tumors were clearly cut-end scar area recurrences. However, other pathologic and mutation findings suggest metachronous primary cancers developed in Case 1, cut-end recurrence in Case 2, and needle biopsy implantation in Case 3. It is difficult to definitively conclude whether the second tumors were recurrences or metachronous primaries.
These second tumors have convinced us that our initial caution in concluding GGO lesions can be cured by limited resection was very appropriate. The recurrences definitely indicate that continuing follow-up attention for more than 5 years is needed after limited resection even for GGO bronchioloalveolar carcinomas.
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ABSTRACT: In 2011 the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Respiratory Society (ERS), have proposed a new subclassification of lung adenocarcinomas. This new classification was founded on an evidence-based approach to a systematic review of 11,368 citations from the related literature. Validation has involved projects relating to histologic and cytologic analysis of small biopsy specimens, histologic subtyping, grading, and observer variation among expert pathologists. As enormous resources are being spent on trials involving molecular and therapeutic aspects of adenocarcinoma of the lung, the development of standardized criteria is of great importance and should help advance the field, increasing the impact of research, and improving patient care. This classification is needed to assist in determining patient therapy and predicting outcome. The 2011 IASLC/ATS/ERS adenocarcinoma classification can have an impact on TNM staging. It may help in comparing histologic characteristics of multiple lung adenocarcinomas to determine whether they are intrapulmonary metastases versus separate primaries. Use of comprehensive histologic subtyping along with other histologic characteristics has been shown to have good correlation with molecular analyses and clinical behavior. Also, it may be more meaningful clinically to measure tumor size in lung adenocarcinomas that have a lepidic component by using invasive size rather than total size to determine the size T factor.Journal of thoracic disease. 10/2014; 6(Suppl 5):S561-7.
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ABSTRACT: Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), which is considered to be pathologically non-invasive in the new International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/the American Thoracic Society/the European Respiratory Society classification, might be present in patients who show a part-solid nodule on thin-section computed tomography (CT) scan. Between 2008 and 2011, 556 clinical Stage IA (c-Stage IA) lung cancer patients underwent pulmonary resection. For all the patients, the findings obtained by preoperative thin-section CT were reviewed and categorized as pure ground-glass nodule (GGN), part-solid nodule or pure-solid nodule based on the findings on thin-section CT, i.e. based on the consolidation/tumour ratio (CTR). A part-solid nodule was defined as a tumour with 0 < CTR < 1.0, which indicated focal nodular opacity that contained both solid and GGN components. All the patients were evaluated by positron emission tomography (PET), and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was recorded. Several clinicopathological features were investigated to identify predictors of AIS in clinical Stage IA lung cancer patients with a part-solid nodule radiologically, using multivariate analyses. One-hundred and twelve c-Stage IA lung cancer patients showed a part-solid appearance on thin-section CT. Among them, AIS was found in 10 (32%) of the tumours with 0 < CTR ≤ 0.5, in contrast to 3 (5%) with 0.5 < CTR < 1.0. According to multivariate analyses, SUVmax and CTR significantly predicted AIS in patients with a part-solid nodule (P = 0.04, 0.02). The mean SUVmax of the patients with AIS was 0.57 (0-1.6). Moreover, in the subgroup of part-solid nodule with a SUVmax of ≤1.0 and a CTR of ≤0.40, which were calculated as cut-off values for AIS based on the results for a receiver operating characteristic curve, 6 (40%) patients with these criteria showed a pathological non-invasive nature, even patients with a part-solid nodule. Among c-Stage IA adenocarcinoma with a part-solid nodule on thin-section CT scan, an extremely low level of SUVmax could reflect a pure GGN equivalent radiologically and AIS pathologically. The preoperative tumour SUVmax on PET could yield important information for predicting non-invasiveness in patients with a part-solid nodule.Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 12/2013; · 1.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Surgical resection remains the standard of care for functionally operable early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and resectable stage IIIA disease. The role of invasive staging and restaging techniques is currently being debated, but they provide the largest biopsy samples which allow for precise mediastinal staging. Different types of operative procedures are currently available to the thoracic surgeon, and some of these interventions can be performed by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with the same oncological results as those by open thoracotomy. The principal aim of surgical treatment for NSCLC is to obtain a complete resection which has been precisely defined by a working group of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC). Intraoperative staging of lung cancer is of utmost importance to decide on the extent of resection according to the intraoperative tumour (T) and nodal (N) status. Systematic nodal dissection is generally advocated to evaluate the hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes which are subdivided into seven zones according to the most recent 7th tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) classification. Lymph-node involvement not only determines prognosis but also the administration of adjuvant therapy. In 2011, a new multidisciplinary adenocarcinoma classification was published introducing the concepts of adenocarcinoma in situ and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma. This classification has profound surgical implications. The role of limited or sublobar resection, comprising anatomical segmentectomy and wide wedge resection, is reconsidered for early-stage lesions which are more frequently encountered with the recently introduced large screening programmes. Numerous retrospective non-randomised studies suggest that sublobar resection may be an acceptable surgical treatment for early lung cancers, also when performed by VATS. More tailored, personalised therapy has recently been introduced. Quality-of-life parameters and surgical quality indicators become increasingly important to determine the short-term and long-term impact of a surgical procedure. International databases currently collect extensive surgical data, allowing more precise calculation of mortality and morbidity according to predefined risk factors. Centralisation of care has been shown to improve results. Evidence-based guidelines should be further developed to provide optimal staging and therapeutic algorithms.EJC Supplements 09/2013; 11(2):110–122. · 2.71 Impact Factor