Charnley low-friction arthroplasty in teenage patients THE ULTIMATE CHALLENGE
ABSTRACT Increasing follow-up identifies the outcome in younger patients who have undergone total hip replacement (THR) and reveals the true potential for survival of the prosthesis. We identified 28 patients (39 THRs) who had undergone cemented Charnley low friction arthroplasty between 1969 and 2001. Their mean age at operation was 17.9 years (12 to 19) and the maximum follow-up was 34 years. Two patients (4 THRs) were lost to follow-up, 13 (16 THRs) were revised at a mean period of 19.1 years (8 to 34) and 13 (19 THRs) continue to attend regular follow-up at a mean of 12.6 years (2.3 to 29). In this surviving group one acetabular component was radiologically loose and all femoral components were secure. In all the patients the diameter of the femoral head was 22.225 mm with Charnley femoral components used in 29 hips and C-stem femoral components in ten. In young patients who require THR the acetabular bone stock is generally a limiting factor for the size of the component. Excellent long-term results can be obtained with a cemented polyethylene acetabular component and a femoral head of small diameter.
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ABSTRACT: Aseptic loosening of the acetabular component continues to be the most common indication for revision of total hip replacements in younger patients. Early in the evolution of the cemented hip, arthroplasty surgeons switched from removal to retention of the acetabular subchondral bone plate, theorizing that unfavourable mechanical forces were the cause of loosening at the bone-cement interface. It is now known that the cause of aseptic loosening is probably biological rather than mechanical and removing the subchondral bone plate may enhance biological fixation of cement to bone. With this in mind, perhaps it is time to revive removal of the subchondral bone as a standard part of acetabular preparation.The Bone & Joint Journal 04/2011; 93(4):435-8. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.93B4.25642 · 3.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: THA is a concern in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) owing to patients' youth, poor bone stock, and small physical size. We asked whether (1) uncemented alumina-on-alumina THAs have good clinical and radiographic results at midterm followup in young patients with inflammatory arthritis and end-stage hip disease secondary to JIA, and (2) the anatomic center of rotation of the hip could be reconstructed in patients with acetabular protrusion. We also assessed the rate of surgical complications. We retrospectively reviewed 31 alumina-on-alumina THAs in 21 patients with a mean age of 30.9 years (range, 14-48 years). Minimum followup until the time of revision of any component or the latest evaluation was 16 months. For nonrevised cases, the minimum followup was 60 months (range, 60-108 months). Acetabular protrusion was mild in 17 hips (Group 1) and moderate-severe in 14 (Group 2). Bone autograft was used to reconstruct the acetabulum in Group 2. Acetabular reconstruction was evaluated according to Ranawat et al. One cup was revised owing to aseptic loosening at 16 months; the remaining hips showed good clinical and radiographic results. The mean postoperative horizontal distance and the distance between the center of the head of the prosthesis and the true center of the femoral head improved in Group 2. There were no complications related to alumina. Although THA is a technically demanding procedure in patients with JIA, uncemented alumina-on-alumina THA provides pain relief and improves quality of life. In patients with acetabular protrusion, bone grafts enable anatomic cup positioning. Continued followup will be required to determine whether the alumina-on-alumina bearings in patients with JIA result in less osteolysis and loosening. Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 08/2011; 470(5):1421-30. DOI:10.1007/s11999-011-2046-0 · 2.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The inherent challenges of total hip replacement (THR) in children include the choice of implant for the often atypical anatomical morphology, its fixation to an immature growing skeleton and the bearing surface employed to achieve a successful long-term result. We report the medium-term results of 52 consecutive uncemented THRs undertaken in 35 paediatric patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The mean age at the time of surgery was 14.4 years (10 to 16). The median follow-up was 10.5 years (6 to 15). During the study period 13 THRs underwent revision surgery. With revision as an endpoint, subgroup analysis revealed 100% survival of the 23 ceramic-on-ceramic THRs and 55% (16 of 29) of the metal- or ceramic-on-polyethylene. This resulted in 94% (95% CI 77.8 to 98.4) survivorship of the femoral component and 62% (95% CI 41.0 to 78.0) of the acetabular component. Revision of the acetabular component for wear and osteolysis were the most common reasons for failure accounting for 11 of the 13 revisions. The success seen in patients with a ceramic-on-ceramic articulation seems to indicate that this implant strategy has the potential to make a major difference to the long-term outcome in this difficult group of patients.The Bone & Joint Journal 12/2012; 94(12):1618-24. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.94B12.29124 · 3.31 Impact Factor