This work was designed to study the effect of pre-cure freezing of raw thighs from Iberian pigs on the profile of volatile compounds during the processing of hams.
Generation of volatile compounds during Iberian ham processing was similar in both pre-cure frozen and refrigerated hams, the main differences being at the final stage. The levels of 2-methylbutanal, 2-methyl-1-butanol, 2,3-butanediol and 2-heptanol were significantly higher in dry-cured hams that were pre-cure frozen than in refrigerated ones, whereas the content of most detected esters was statistically lower in pre-cure frozen than in refrigerated hams.
The effect of pre-cure freezing of Iberian ham on the profile of volatile compounds during ripening was not remarkable. Few differences were found in the final product, which would not greatly modify the aroma and flavour features of the dry-cured hams.
"Alcohols are the next group of volatiles in Kraški pršut that significantly increased during the last four months of processing. Alcohols follow the same mechanism of generation as acids; straight-chain aliphatic alcohols can be generated by the oxidation of lipids, whereas branched alcohols are most likely derived from the Strecker degradation of amino acids through the oxidation of their respective aldehydes (Pérez-Palacios et al., 2010). According to the reports of Zhang, Wang, Liu, Zhu, and Zhou (2006), alcohols are considered unimportant in determining the total aroma of the Chinese Jinhua ham because of their relatively high taste threshold values. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of two ripening times (12 or 16 months) on the chemical, physical, volatile and sensorial properties of Biceps femoris (BF) and Semimembranosus (SM) muscles of Kraški pršut, was studied. Both muscles showed lower water content and higher proteolysis index at 16 than at 12 months. BF had lower lipid contents and higher moisture, salt percentage and proteolysis index than SM. In SM, a decrease of MUFA with time was observed. A higher quantity of total fatty acids was observed for SM than for BF. General increases in hardness, cohesiveness, chewiness and gumminess were observed over time in both muscles. Higher values of force decay coefficient and lower values of hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness were found for BF than for SM. Eighty-seven volatile compounds were tentatively identified in both muscles and were more abundant at 16 than at 12 months. Aldehydes were the predominant group followed by acids, alcohols, esters, hydrocarbons, ketones and furans.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abstract This work evaluates the influence of deep-frying coated fish products on total fat, fatty acid (FA) and amino acid profile, and on the formation of volatile compounds, with special attention on furan and its derivatives due to their potential harmful characteristics. As expected, deep-frying in sunflower oil increased linoleic acid content, but total fat amount increased only by 2% on a dry basis. Eicosapentanoic and docosahexanoic acids were preserved while γ- and α-linoleic acids were oxidised. Deep-frying also induces proteolysis, releasing free AA, and the formation of volatile compounds, particularly aldehydes and ketones arising from polyunsaturated FA. In addition, high quantities of furanic compounds, particularly furan and furfuryl alcohol, are generated during deep-frying coated fish. The breaded crust formed could contribute simultaneously for the low uptake of fat, preservation of long chain n-3 FA, and for the high amounts of furanic compounds formed during the deep-frying process.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 11/2013; 65(2). DOI:10.3109/09637486.2013.854739 · 1.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Due to the initiative to stop piglet castration, meat from entire male pigs is expected to take important share on the European market which can affect dry-cured ham industry. In the present study, hams of entire males (EM) and immunocastrates (IC) were submitted to dry-curing process. Sex category and salting regime were evaluated using standard (18days; HS) and shortened salting (6days; LS). At the end of processing, compared to HS, LS hams had lower (40%) salt content, were more proteolysed, were less salty, and had softer texture and different volatile profile. Sex effect was less evident; still, hams from EM exhibited higher processing losses and salt intake, and were drier, less marbled, harder, and more intensively coloured than IC hams. The panellists perceived higher off-flavours in hams with high boar taint compounds (correlation 0.67 and 0.53 for skatole and androstenone, respectively). The effect of sex category on volatile profile was negligible.
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