Association of aortic valve calcification severity with the degree of aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
ABSTRACT This study sought to examine a possible relationship between the severity of aortic valve calcification (AVC), the distribution of AVC and the degree of aortic valve regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis (AS).
57 patients (22 men, 81 ± 5 years) with symptomatic AS and with a logistic EuroSCORE of 24 ± 12 were included. 38 patients (67%) received a third (18F)-generation CoreValve® aortic valve prosthesis, in 19 patients (33%) an Edwards SAPIEN™ prosthesis was implanted. Prior to TAVI dual-source computed tomography for assessment of AVC was performed. To determine the distribution of AVC the percentage of the calcium load of the most severely calcified cusp was calculated. After TAVI the degree of AR was determined by angiography and echocardiography. The severity of AR after TAVI was related to the severity and distribution of AVC.
There was no association between the distribution of AVC and the degree of paravalvular AR after TAVI as assessed by angiography (r = -0.02, p = 0.88). Agatston AVC scores were significantly higher in patients with AR grade ≥ 3 (5055 ± 1753, n = 3) than in patients with AR grade < 3 (1723 ± 967, p = 0.03, n = 54). Agatston AVC scores > 3000 were associated with a relevant paravalvular AR and showed a trend for increased need for second manoeuvres. There was a significant correlation between the severity of AVC and the degree of AR after AVR (r = 0.50, p < 0.001).
Patients with severe AVC have an increased risk for a relevant AR after TAVI as well as a trend for increased need for additional procedures.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The incidence of paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) seems higher among patients submitted to transcatheter aortic valve implantation and its potential association with an increased late mortality has raised concerns in the scientific community. Our objective was to evaluate the incidence and clinical impact of PAR and establish PAR predictors in our patient population. METHODS: Between July/2009 and February/2013, 112 patients were submitted to transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The degree of PAR after the procedure was assessed according to the VARC 2 criteria. The population was divided into no/mild PAR group and moderate/severe PAR group. RESULTS: Mean age was 82.5 ± 3.9 years, 58.9% were female and the logistic EuroSCORE was 23.6 ± 13.4. There was a decrease in the mean systolic gradient (54.7 ± 15.3 mmHg vs 11.7 ± 4 mmHg; P < 0.01) and a gain in the aortic valve area (0.66 ± 0.15 cm2 vs 1.8 ± 0.3 cm2; P < 0.01). At the end of the procedure 46.4% did not have PAR, and mild or moderate PAR was observed in 42% and 11.6% of the patients. No patient presented severe PAR. Multivariate analysis identified male gender [odds ratio (OR) 5.85, confidence interval (CI] 1.29-26.7; P = 0.022), previous percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty (OR 18.44, CI 2.30-147.85; P = 0.006), ejection fraction < 35% (OR 4.160, CI 1.014-17.064; P = 0.048) and the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension (OR 7.649, CI 1.86-31.51; P = 0.005) as independent predictors of moderate/severe PAR. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of moderate/severe PAR was low and comparable to other studies. Male gender, history of prior percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty, presence of severe pulmonary hypertension and severe left ventricular dysfunction were independent predictors of this complication.Revista Brasileira de Cardiologia Invasiva. 06/2013; 21(2):103-108.
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ABSTRACT: IntroductionAortic valve calcification (AVC) may predict poor outcome. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) leads to several haemodynamic changes accelerating the progress of aortic valve (AV) disease.AimsTo compare the diagnostic accuracy of transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in the assessment of aortic valve phenotype and degree of AVC, with intra-operative evaluation as a reference.Methods We examined 169 patients (median age 65 years, 51 women) without significant coronary artery disease undergoing AV and/or aortic root surgery. TTE was performed within a week prior to surgery and TEE at the time of surgery.ResultsCompared with surgical AVC assessment, visual evaluation using a 5-grade scoring system and real-time images showed a higher correlation (TTE r = 0·83 and TEE r = 0·82) than visual (TTE r = 0·64 and TEE 0·63) or grey scale mean (GSMn) (TTE r = 0·63 and TEE r = 0·52) assessment of end-diastolic still frames. AVC assessment using real-time images showed high intraclass correlation coefficients (TTE 0·94 and TEE 0·93). With regard to BAV, TEE was superior to TTE with a higher interobserver agreement, sensitivity and specificity (0·86, 92% and 94% versus 0·57, 77% and 82%, respectively).Conclusion Semi-quantitative AVC assessment of real-time cine loops from both TEE and TTE correlated well with intra-operative evaluation of AVC. Applying a predefined scoring system for AVC evaluation assures a high interobserver correlation. TEE was superior to TTE for evaluation of valve phenotype and should be considered when a diagnosis of BAV is clinically important.Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 05/2014; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the validity of virtual non-contrast (VNC) reconstructions for coronary artery calcium (CACS) and aortic valve calcium scoring (AVCS) in patients undergoing trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).Clinical Radiology 05/2014; · 1.66 Impact Factor