What variables were associated with the inducibility of ventricular fibrillation during electrophysiologic stimulation test in patients without apparent organic heart disease?

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, Japan.
Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 2.3). 03/2010; 56(1):35-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2010.01.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of our study was to determine what variables were associated with ventricular fibrillation (VF) induced during electrophysiological stimulation test in patients without apparent organic heart disease.
Our study evaluated 77 patients (51+/-15 years) who underwent electrophysiological stimulation test, signal averaging, and Na+ channel-blocker challenge test (pilsicainide test). The subjects were divided into two groups, the Brugada group and non-Brugada group. Further, the patients were divided into three subgroups on the base of symptoms (8, 7 symptomatic; 9, 13 syncope; 28, 12 asymptomatic group; in the Brugada and non-Brugada groups, respectively). Multivariate analyses evaluated the association between baseline clinical factors and the induction of VF.
The inducibility of VF was significantly (p<0.0001) higher in the Brugada group (n=33, 73%) than the non-Brugada group (n=4, 13%). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that symptoms (odds ratio (OR) 31.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.3-430.6; p<0.01), type 1 electrocardiogram after pilsicainide test (OR 21.3; CI: 1.7-272.2; p<0.02), and syncope (OR 13.5; CI: 1.2-158.8; p<0.05) were strongly associated with the inducibility of VF, but not with family history, type 1 electrocardiogram in control, positive in late potential, maxDeltaST elevation (>==200microV) after pilsicainide test.
The symptoms, syncope, and type 1 electrocardiogram after pilsicainide test were independently associated with the electrophysiological substrate of VF in patients without apparent heart disease.

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    ABSTRACT: Brugada syndrome (BS) has an intermittent or concealed type, which can be unmasked by the sodium (Na(+))-channel-blocker challenge test. The appropriate risk stratification of patients with a drug-induced Brugada-type electrocardiographic (ECG), especially those without a history of syncope or aborted sudden cardiac death, remains unclear. The prognosis of patients with BS depends on the clinical type, cardiac arrest, syncope or if asymptomatic. The ratio of the asymptomatic group varies from 56.9% to 63.6% and, furthermore, their annual cardiac event rate is relatively lower at 0.24-3.6% compared with the cardiac arrest group. Patients with a drug-induced Brugada-type ECG have a poor prognosis if they had a history of ventricular fibrillation (VF) or aborted sudden cardiac death, because their risk becomes similar to that of patients with spontaneous Brugada-type ECG. They have the disturbance of the Na(+)-channel and the electrophysiologic substrate of VF, proven by the high inducibility of VF by stimulation test even in patients without spontaneous VF. Spontaneous VF will never occur if there is no VF substrate. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators will certainly protect them, so patients with a drug-induced Brugada-type ECG, even without a history of VF or aborted sudden cardiac death, should be considered to have a poor prognosis.
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