Social Support, Caregiver Burden, and Life Satisfaction in a Sample of Rural African American and White Caregivers of Older Persons With Dementia

School of Social Work, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487, USA.
Journal of Gerontological Social Work 04/2010; 53(3):251-69. DOI: 10.1080/01634370903478989
Source: PubMed


This article reports the findings of a study of African American and White dementia caregivers (n = 141) living in rural areas of Alabama that examined the relations between the participants' receipt of informal social support, and their levels of caregiver burden and life satisfaction. The sample, as a whole, reported high levels of social support with no reported differences in social support by race. Female caregivers reported higher mean scores on 3 of the 4 dimensions of social support than their male counterparts. Two of the 4 dimensions of social support accounted for 32% of the variance of the caregivers' reported level of life satisfaction.

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    • "Rodakowski, Skidmore , Rogers, and Schulz (2012) found that higher levels of social integration and received social support were associated with lower burden in SCI caregivers, and in the same sample, Rodakowski, Skidmore, Rogers, and Schulz (2013) found that negative social interactions and low social integration were associated with higher depression. These authors' study is the only one uncovered looking at social support in SCI caregivers, although a large body of research has documented the positive effects of social support on caregivers of individuals with other neurological conditions , including Alzheimer's disease (Drentea, Clay, Roth, & Mittelman, 2006), dementia (Burgio et al., 2003; Kaufman et al., 2010), and TBI (traumatic brain injury) [Stevens et al., 2013]. These findings generally suggest that despite significant stressors, social support may have a powerful influence on caregiver mental health. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background/objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of appraisal, belonging, and tangible social support on the mental health (depression, satisfaction with life, anxiety, and burden) of Colombian spinal cord injury (SCI) caregivers. Methods: Forty SCI caregivers from Neiva, Colombia completed questionnaires assessing their perceived social support and mental health. Results: Four multiple regressions found that the three social support variables explained 42.8% of the variance in caregiver depression, 22.3% of the variance in satisfaction with life, 24.1% of the variance in anxiety, and 16.5% of the variance in burden, although the effect on burden was marginally significant. Within these regressions, higher belonging social support was uniquely associated with lower depression, and higher tangible social support was uniquely associated with higher caregiver satisfaction with life. Conclusions: Social support may have a particularly important influence on SCI caregiver mental health in Colombia, due in part to the high levels of collectivism and strong family values shown to exist in Latin America, and may therefore be an important target for SCI caregiver interventions in this region.
    Neurorehabilitation 10/2014; 35(4). DOI:10.3233/NRE-141164 · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    • "Life satisfaction is an individual's subjective well-being and a representative of QOL (Kaufman et al. 2010). QOL is a personal perception of own position in life about goals, concerns, cultures, expectations, standards, living places and value systems (Netuveli and Blane 2008). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine predictability of life satisfaction by focusing on social support, substance abuse, socio-demographic factors as well as received health services from medical and traditional centers in the elderly with dementia. The subjects were 1,210 non-institutionalized Malaysian elderly with cognitive problems. In addition, age, ethnicity, sex differences, marital status, educational level, social support, substance abuse and receiving health services were evaluated to predict the risk of falls in samples. Social support was measured by Lubben score. Substance abuse was referred to smoking per day, addiction to alcohol consumption as well as dependency to medications. Health care supports, which were received by individuals included medical and traditional treatments. Life satisfaction was measured by asking in general ‘Are you satisfied with your current life’. The multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the effects of contributing variables on life satisfaction in respondents. Approximately 83 % of subjects reported that they were satisfied with their current life. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that marital status (OR = 1.98), traditional treatments (OR = 0.43), social support (OR = 2.28) and educational level (OR = 1.79) significantly affected life satisfaction in samples (p < 0.05). Furthermore, age, ethnicity, sex differences, substance abuse and medical treatments were not significant predictors of life satisfaction (p > 0.05). It was concluded that social support, being married and education increased life satisfaction in subjects but traditional treatments decreased life satisfaction.
    Social Indicators Research 04/2014; 116(2). DOI:10.1007/s11205-013-0304-0 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    • "This finding is in line with a large body of literature suggesting the association between the partner and social support and perceived life satisfaction. In this regard, Kaufman et al. (2010) reported an association between different dimensions of social support and life satisfaction among caregivers with dementia in the US. In a similar Table 4. Predictors of sexual satisfaction score (linear regression). "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Sexual satisfaction is known as one of the most important components of relationship satisfaction and quality of life. The present study aimed to evaluate the associated parameters of sexual satisfaction among female spouses of male drug dependents as one of the hidden populations in Iran. Method: A total of 138 women with drug-dependent husbands were included in this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic characteristics, anxiety and depression scores, sexual function and emotional parameters were entered into a stepwise linear regression model to find the possible predictors. Findings: Mean age, marital length and spousal drug use length were 35 ± 8, 14 ± 10 and 12 ± 8 years, respectively. Perceived lack of security [p Conclusion: Results of the current study highlight the need for more attention to environmental and sociocultural parameters as the associated parameters of sexual satisfaction among female spouses of male drug dependents. Further research is needed with respect to a multidimensional evaluation of sexual satisfaction among this vulnerable hidden population in Iran, especially to find causative relations.
    Journal of Substance Use 02/2014; 19(6). DOI:10.3109/14659891.2013.840685 · 0.48 Impact Factor
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