[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper raises the question of how knowledge creation is organized in the area of HIV prevention and how this concatenation of expertise, resources, at-risk people and viruses shapes the knowledge used to impede the epidemic. It also seeks to trouble the discourses of biomedical pre-eminence in the field of HIV prevention by examining the claim for treatment as prevention, looking at evidence constructed through the biomedical frame and through the lens of the sociology of science. These questions lie within a larger socio-historical context of lagging worldwide attention and funding to prevention in the HIV area and, in particular, neglect of populations at greatest risk. Much contemporary HIV prevention research relies on a population science divided over an epistemic fault line from the communities and individuals who must make sense of the intrusion of a life-threatening disease into their pursuit of pleasure and intimacy. There are, nevertheless, lessons to be learned from prevention success stories among sex workers, injection drug users, and gay and bisexual men. The success stories point to a need for a robust social science agenda that examines: the ways that people are socially organized and networked; the popular strategies and folk wisdoms developed in the face of HIV risk; socio-historical movement of sexual and drug cultures; the dynamics of popular mobilization to advance health; the institutional sources of HIV discourses; and popular understandings of HIV technologies and messages.
Journal of the International AIDS Society 09/2011; 14 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):S2. DOI:10.1186/1758-2652-14-S2-S2 · 4.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the relationships between HIV-negative Australian gay men's sexual behaviour and differences in age between them and their sex partners.
Anonymous computer-assisted internet survey was administered.
We used multinomial logistic regression to examine factors associated with reported differences in partners' age (10 years older, within 10 years and 10 years younger) among 1476 men.
Two-thirds of the men reported their most recent casual sex partners were within 10 years of age to themselves, as were 79.3% of their regular partners. Neither men's own age nor relative differences in age with their partners was associated with the likelihood to engage in unprotected anal intercourse. Among men who reported sex with a regular partner, those with older partners tended to restrict themselves to the receptive position (adjusted ORs (AOR)=2.00; 95% CI 1.02 to 3.92; p=0.044). Among men who reported sex with a casual partner, those with younger partners tended to take the insertive position, both on occasions when a condom was used (AOR=2.42; 95% CI 1.39 to 4.20; p=0.002) and on occasions when a condom was not used (AOR=2.54; 95% CI 1.04 to 6.20; p=0.041).
Age differences between gay men and their sex partners make little difference to the likelihood of engaging in sexual risk behaviour overall with either regular or casual partners. Those whose partners are substantially older than themselves are more likely, however, to take the receptive position during anal intercourse. Where risk of HIV infection among younger men is elevated this could be due to differences in sexual position, rather than differences in unprotected anal intercourse per se, during sex with men who are substantially older than themselves.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for a higher proportion of HIV diagnoses than any other risk group in the United States. Given that in NYC MSM younger than 30 years represent a growing proportion of new diagnoses among MSM, we examined differences between MSM by age.
We analyzed NYC surveillance and partner services (PS) data for MSM newly diagnosed with HIV from January 2007 to December 2008. We compared demographics, HIV-related risk behaviors, and sexual partner characteristics between younger MSM (<30 years old) (YMSM) and MSM ≥30 years old.
Three hundred and thirty-six MSM were interviewed for PS (180 YMSM and 156 older MSM). MSM were mostly black or Hispanic (91%). YMSM were more likely than older MSM to report gay sexual identity (70% vs. 58%, P < 0.01), and a recent sexually transmitted infection (29% vs. 15%, P < 0.01). More YMSM named ≥1 male partner for HIV notification (66% vs. 36%, P < 0.01). YMSM were more likely than older MSM to name partners who were 5 or more years older (42% vs. 25%, P < 0.01). More YMSM tested for HIV at least once in the past 2 years than older MSM (66% vs. 40%, P < 0.01).
Our study has identified important differences in HIV risk behaviors and sexual partnerships between YMSM and older MSM newly diagnosed with HIV. YMSM were more willing to provide the names of male sex partners for the purposes of partner notification than were older MSM, suggesting that PS may be particularly effective at identifying new cases of HIV.
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