Glioma proteomics: Status and perspectives
ABSTRACT High grade gliomas are the most common brain tumors in adults and their malignant nature makes them the fourth biggest cause of cancer death. Major efforts in neuro-oncology research are needed to reach similar progress in treatment efficacy as that achieved for other cancers in recent years. In addition to the urgent need to identify novel effective drug targets against malignant gliomas, the search for glioma biomarkers and grade specific protein signatures will provide a much needed contribution to diagnosis, prognosis, treatment decision and assessment of treatment response. Over the past years glioma proteomics has been attempted at different levels, including proteome analysis of patient biopsies and bodily fluids, of glioma cell lines and animal models. Here we provide an extensive review of the outcome of these studies in terms of protein identifications (protein numbers and regulated proteins), with an emphasis on the methods used and the limitations of the studies with regard to biomarker discovery. This is followed by a perspective on novel technologies and on the potential future contribution of proteomics in a broad sense to understanding glioma biology.
- SourceAvailable from: Kumar SomasundaramBrain Tumors - Current and Emerging Therapeutic Strategies, 08/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-588-4
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ABSTRACT: Genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) have recently emerged as possible tools to discover therapeutic targets and biomarkers for new therapies including immunotherapy. It is well known that macroscopically complete surgical excision, radiotherapy and chemotherapy have therapeutic limitations to improve survival in these patients. In this study, we used a differential proteomic-based technique (2D-Difference Gel Electrophoresis) coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry to identify proteins that may serve as brain tumor antigens in new therapeutic assays. Five samples of patients presenting a GBM and five samples of microscopically normal brain tissues derived from brain epileptic surgery specimen were labeled and run in 2D-PAGE (Two-Dimensional Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis) with an internal pool sample on each gel. Five gels were matched and compared with DIA (Difference In-gel Analysis) software. Differential spots were picked, in-gel digested and peptide mass fingerprints were obtained. From 51 protein-spots significantly up-regulated in GBM samples, mass spectrometry (MS) identified twenty-two proteins. The differential expression of a selected protein set was first validated by western-blotting, then tested on large cohorts of GBM specimens and non-tumor tissues, using immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. Our results confirmed the importance of previously described proteins in glioma pathology and their potential usefulness as biological markers but also revealed some new interesting targets for future therapies.Proteome Science 04/2011; 9(1):16. DOI:10.1186/1477-5956-9-16 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive among human gliomas with poor prognosis. Study of tumor cell secretome - proteins secreted by cancer cell lines, is a powerful approach to discover potential diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers. Here we report, for the first time, proteins secreted by three GBM cell lines, HNGC2, LN229 and U87MG. Analysis of the conditioned media of these cell lines by LC-MS/MS using ESI-IT mass spectrometer (LTQ) resulted in the confident identification of 102, 119 and 64 proteins, respectively. Integration of the results from all the three cell lines lead to a dataset of 148 non-redundant proteins. Subcellular classification using Genome Ontology indicated that 42% of the proteins identified belonged to extracellular or membrane proteins, viz. Vinculin, Tenascin XB, SERPIN F1 and TIMP-1. 52 proteins matched with the secretomes of 11 major cancer types reported earlier whereas remaining 96 are unique to our study. 25 protein identifications from the dataset represent proteins related to GBM or other cancer tissues as per Human Protein Atlas; at least 22 are detectable in plasma, 11 of them being reported even in cerebrospinal fluid. Our study thus provides a valuable resource of GBM cell secretome with potential for further investigation as GBM biomarkers.Journal of proteomics 05/2011; 74(10):1918-25. DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2011.05.002 · 3.93 Impact Factor