The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID): Validity and reliability

Depression & Anxiety Disorders Research Institute, University of South Florida College of Medicine, 3515 East Fletcher Ave, Tampa, FL 33613-4706, USA.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 5.5). 03/2010; 71(3):313-26. DOI: 10.4088/JCP.09m05305whi
Source: PubMed


To investigate the concurrent validity and reliability of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID), a short structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10 psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents.
Participants were 226 children and adolescents (190 outpatients and 36 controls) aged 6 to 17 years. To assess the concurrent validity of the MINI-KID, participants were administered the MINI-KID and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) by blinded interviewers in a counterbalanced order on the same day. Participants also completed a self-rated measure of disability. In addition, interrater (n = 57) and test-retest (n = 83) reliability data (retest interval, 1-5 days) were collected, and agreement between the parent version of the MINI-KID and the standard MINI-KID (n = 140) was assessed. Data were collected between March 2004 and January 2008.
Substantial to excellent MINI-KID to K-SADS-PL concordance was found for syndromal diagnoses of any mood disorder, any anxiety disorder, any substance use disorder, any ADHD or behavioral disorder, and any eating disorder (area under curve [AUC] = 0.81-0.96, kappa = 0.56-0.87). Results were more variable for psychotic disorder (AUC = 0.94, kappa = 0.41). Sensitivity was substantial (0.61-1.00) for 15/20 individual DSM-IV disorders. Specificity was excellent (0.81-1.00) for 18 disorders and substantial (> 0.73) for the remaining 2. The MINI-KID identified a median of 3 disorders per subject compared to 2 on the K-SADS-PL and took two-thirds less time to administer (34 vs 103 minutes). Interrater and test-retest kappas were substantial to almost perfect (0.64-1.00) for all individual MINI-KID disorders except dysthymia. Concordance of the parent version (MINI-KID-P) with the standard MINI-KID was good.
The MINI-KID generates reliable and valid psychiatric diagnoses for children and adolescents and does so in a third of the time as the K-SADS-PL.

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    • "Methods The protocol was approved by the Ethics Committees of the University of Fukui, Kumamoto University, and the Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center, and all participants and their parents or directors of the relevant residential foster care facilities gave written informed consent for participation in the study after the study procedures had been explained to them, according to the Declaration of Helsinki. The diagnosis of RAD was confirmed in structured interviews with investigators using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents after excluding other psychiatric diseases such as mood-related disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders, and other neurodevelopmental disorders including ADHD (Sheehan et al., 1998, 2010 "
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    08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2015.08.002
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    • "All interviews were conducted by BAlevel research assistants or graduate students after receiving 25 hours of training (e.g., didactics, mock-interviews, direct supervision). The MINI-KID has demonstrated good psychometric properties in regards to diagnosing psychopathology in outpatient (Sheehan et al., 2010) and inpatient (Auerbach et al., 2014) adolescents. "
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