Clinical efficacy and safety of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor concentrate BIOSTATE in patients with von Willebrand's disease: a prospective multi-centre study.
ABSTRACT von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is an inherited bleeding disorder characterized by deficient levels of or dysfunctional von Willebrand factor (VWF). This phase II/III open-label, multicentre study evaluated the efficacy and safety of BIOSTATE, a high purity plasma-derived double-virus inactivated FVIII/VWF concentrate, when used in non-surgical bleeds, surgical procedures and prophylactic therapy in VWD patients for whom desmopressin treatment was deemed ineffective, inadequate or contraindicated. Twenty three patients (7 type 1, 9 type 2 and 7 type 3; 12 male, 11 female), who received FVIII/VWF concentrate as part of their VWD management, were recruited prospectively between December 2004 and May 2007 from eight centres in Australia and New Zealand. BIOSTATE dosing was based on pre-treatment FVIII:C and/or VWF:RCo plasma levels and a predetermined dosing guide. Haemostatic efficacy of BIOSTATE was rated as excellent or good for all major and minor surgery events, long-term prophylaxis, and for four of the six assessable non-surgical bleeding events. Blood transfusions were required by two major surgery patients as well as one patient with a non-surgical bleed. The median overall exposure to BIOSTATE across all groups was 8 days, greater in the prophylactic group (range 53-197) compared with major surgery (3-24), minor surgery (1-8) and non-surgical bleeds (1-10). BIOSTATE was shown to be efficacious and well tolerated when treating patients with VWD. This study also provides important insights into dosing regimens with BIOSTATE and the role of monitoring therapy with FVIII:C and VWF:RCo.
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ABSTRACT: In order to provide patients with von Willebrand disease a factor VIII (FVIII)/von Willebrand factor (vWF) concentrate of reproducible quality, an SDS-agarose gel electrophoresis method has been established to determine the content of the high molecular weight multimers (band 11 and higher) of vWF. This method has been used to characterize the content of high molecular weight vWF multimers in Humate P/Haemate P, a commercial FVIII/vWF concentrate. The average content of high molecular weight vWF multimers of 47 batches of Humate P/Haemate P has been determined to be 84.1% of the corresponding bands in normal human plasma. Use of this multimer analysis method for the characterization of five further commercial products revealed clear differences with respect to the high molecular weight vWF multimer content. Furthermore, there is a linear correlation (r2 = 0.73) between the content of high molecular weight vWF multimers and the specific activity of vWF (determined as vWF:RCoF/vWF:Ag). The method described here for analysis of the content of high molecular weight vWF multimers is a reliable and reproducible method to characterize this class of factor concentrates with respect to vWF multimer composition.Haemophilia 02/1998; 4 Suppl 3:25-32. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Plasma-derived concentrates containing von Willebrand factor and factor VIII (VWF/FVIII concentrates) are the mainstay of treatment of patients with inherited von Willebrand's disease (VWD) who are unresponsive or have a contraindication to desmopressin (DDAVP) therapy. Only a few clinical studies are available on the use of these VWF/FVIII concentrates in large numbers of cases and within the same country. The aim of our study was to collect retrospective data on the efficacy and safety of Haemate P (CSL Behring, Marburg, Germany) in a large cohort of well-characterized VWD patients after the introduction of the guidelines for VWD management in Italy. A retrospective survey of data records was organized among ten Italian Hemophilia Centers in order to retrieve information on the clinical use of Haemate P. Data on 100 VWD patients (44 males and 56 females, median age 41.5, range 2-87 years) were available relating to the period from January 2002 to December 2004. All patients were diagnosed according to the criteria proposed by the Italian guidelines for VWD management. Of the 100 VWD patients enrolled, 23 had type 1 VWD, 40 had type 2 (2A=7, 2B=11, 2M=9, 2M Vicenza=13) and 37 had type 3. Seventy-one percent were severely affected, as shown by VWF:RCo levels <10 IU/dL. Fifty-nine patients were treated with Haemate P because of 280 spontaneous bleeding episodes. These patients required 1,003 infusions of Haemate P with a median daily dose of 72 (27-135) VWF:RCo IU/kg. In ninety-five per cent of patients, clinical responses were rated as excellent/good. Fifty-six patients underwent major surgery (n=17), minor surgery (n=28), invasive procedures (n=9) or dental procedures (n=19), with a total consumption of 1.97x10(6) IU of VWF:RCo through 366 infusions of Haemate P. The median daily dose was 80 (range, 27-146) VWF:RCo IU/kg, with clinical responses rated as excellent/good in 97% of patients. Twelve patients (type 1=1, type 2B=1, type 2M Vicenza=1, type 3=9, with a median age of 34.5, range 11-71 years) also underwent 17 long-term secondary prophylaxis regimens to prevent recurrent bleeding at the same site (47% in the gastrointestinal tract, 35% in joints). During the 4,358 days of prophylaxis, the patients received 1,424 infusions of Haemate P, given three times (53%) or twice (47%) a week, with clinical responses rated as excellent/good in 100%. No serious adverse events, including thrombosis, were reported in the 370 evaluated treatments. Based on this retrospective study conducted in a large cohort of Italian patients (n=100) and covering a long period of observation (36 months), Haemate P was shown to be effective and safe for the clinical management of patients with VWD, whether given on demand or as prophylaxis.Haematologica 07/2007; 92(7):944-51. · 5.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recessive type 3 von Willebrand disease (vWD) is a severe hemophilia-like bleeding disorder caused by homozygosity or double heterozygosity for two nonsense mutations (null alleles) and characterized by a strongly prolonged bleeding time (BT), absence of ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation (RIPA), absence of von Willebrand factor (vWF) protein, and prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) due to factor VIII (FVIIIC): deficiency. Recessive severe type 1 vWD is caused by homozygosity or double heterozygosity for a missense mutation and differs from type 3 vWD by the detectable presence vWF:antigen (Ag) and FVIII:C levels between 0.09 and 0.40 U/mL. Carriers of one null allele or missense mutations are usually asymptomatic at vWF levels of 50% of normal. Mild recessive type 1 vWD may be due to a missense mutations, or one missense mutation plus blood group O. The so-called dominant type 1 vWD secretion defect and type 1 Vicenza are caused by a heterozygous missense mutation in the vWF gene that produces a mutant vWF protein having a dominant effect on the normal vWF protein produced by the normal vWF allele with regard to the defective processing, storage secretion, and/or proteolysis of vWF in endothelial cells and clearing from plasma consistent with a type 2 phenotype of vWD. Typical type 2 vWD patients, except 2N, show a defective vWF protein, decreased ratios for vWF:ristocetin cofactor [vWF:RCo]/vWF:Ag and vWF:collagen binding factor [vWF:CB]/vWF:Ag and prolonged BT. The BT is normal and FVIII:C levels clearly are lower than vWF:Ag in type 2N vWD. Multimeric analysis of vWF in plasma demonstrates that proteolysis of vWF is increased in type 2A and 2B vWD, with increased triplet structure of each band (not present in types 2M and 2U). Proteolysis of vWF is minimal in type 2C, 2D, and 2E variants that show aberrant multimeric structure of individual oligomers. vWD 2B differs from 2A by normal vWF in platelets, and increased RIPA. RIPA is normal in mild, decreased in moderate, and absent in severe type 2A vWD. RIPA is decreased or absent in 2M, 2U, 2C, and 2D; variable in 2E; and normal in 2N and dominant type 1. vWD 2M is usually mild and features decreased vWF:RCo and RIPA, and a normal or near-normal vWF multimeric pattern in a low-resolution agarose gel. vWD 2A-like or unclassifiable (2U) is distinct from 2A and 2B and typically features low vWF:RCo and RIPA with the relative lack of large vWF multimers. vWD type 2C is recessive; the dominant type 2D is rare. The response to desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) of vWF parameters is normal in pseudo-vWD and mild type 1. The responses to DDAVP of FVIII:C and vWF parameters in vWD 2M, Vincenza, 2E, and mild 2A, 2U, and 2N are transiently good for a variable number of hours to arrest mucocutaneous bleeding episodes or to prevent bleeding during minor surgery or trauma. However, the responses are not good enough to treat major bleedings or to prevent bleeding during major surgery or trauma. The response to DDAVP of vWF parameters is poor in recessive type 3, 1 and 2C, and dominant 2A, 2B, and 2U. Proper recommendations of FVIII/vWF concentrates using FVIII:C and vWF:RCo unit dosing for the prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding episodes in type 2 disease that is nonresponsive to DDAVP and in type 3 vWD are proposed.Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis 12/2005; 31(5):577-601. · 4.22 Impact Factor