Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Advanced Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
We reviewed outcomes of 71 patients treated with SBRT for pancreatic cancer between July 2004 and January 2009. Forty patients (56%) had locally unresectable disease, 11 patients (16%) had local recurrence following surgical resection, 8 patients (11%) had metastatic disease, and 12 patients (17%) received adjuvant SBRT for positive margins. The median dose was 24 Gy (18-25 Gy), given in a single-fraction SBRT (n = 67) or fractionated SBRT (n = 4). Kaplan-Meyer survival analyses were used to estimate freedom from local progression (FFLP) and overall survival (OS) rates.
The median follow-up among surviving patients was 12.7 months (4-26 months). The median tumor volume was 17 mL (5.1-249 mL). The overall FFLP rates at 6 months/1 year were 71.7%/48.5%, respectively. Among those with macroscopic disease, FFLP was achieved in 77.3% of patients with tumor size <15 mL (n = 22), and 59.5% for ≥15 mL (n = 37) (P = 0.02). FFLP was achieved in 73% following 24 to 25 Gy, and 45% with 18 to 22 Gy (P = 0.004). The median OS was 10.3 months, with 6 month/1 year OS rates of 65.3%/41%, respectively. Grade 1-2 acute and late GI toxicity were seen in 39.5% of patients. Three patients experienced acute grade 3 toxicities.
SBRT is feasible, with minimal grade ≥3 toxicity. The overall FFLP rate for all patients was 64.8%, comparable to rates with external beam radiotherapy. This shorter treatment course can be delivered without delay in adjuvant systemic therapy.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Jan 25, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) is associated with a very poor prognosis. Current palliative (radio)chemotherapy provides only a marginal survival benefit of 2-3 months. Several innovative local ablative therapies have been explored as new treatment options. This systematic review aims to provide an overview of the clinical outcomes of these ablative therapies. A systematic search in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify clinical studies, published before 1 June 2014, involving ablative therapies in LAPC. Outcomes of interest were safety, survival, quality of life and pain. After screening 1037 articles, 38 clinical studies involving 1164 patients with LAPC, treated with ablative therapies, were included. These studies concerned radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (7 studies), irreversible electroporation (IRE) (4), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) (16), high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) (5), iodine-125 (2), iodine-125-cryosurgery (2), photodynamic therapy (1) and microwave ablation (1). All strategies appeared to be feasible and safe. Outcomes for postoperative, procedure-related morbidity and mortality were reported only for RFA (4-22 and 0-11 per cent respectively), IRE (9-15 and 0-4 per cent) and SBRT (0-25 and 0 per cent). Median survival of up to 25·6, 20·2, 24·0 and 12·6 months was reported for RFA, IRE, SBRT and HIFU respectively. Pain relief was demonstrated for RFA, IRE, SBRT and HIFU. Quality-of-life outcomes were reported only for SBRT, and showed promising results. Ablative therapies in patients with LAPC appear to be feasible and safe. © 2014 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.British Journal of Surgery 02/2015; 102(3). DOI:10.1002/bjs.9716 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose We report updated outcomes of single- versus multifraction stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Methods and Materials We included 167 patients with unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated at our institution from 2002 to 2013, with 1-fraction (45.5% of patient) or 5-fraction (54.5% of patients) SBRT. The majority of patients (87.5%) received chemotherapy. Results Median follow-up was 7.9 months (range: 0.1-63.6). The 6- and 12-month cumulative incidence rates (CIR) of local recurrence for patients treated with single-fraction SBRT were 5.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2%-10.4%) and 9.5% (95% CI, 2.7%-16.2%), respectively. The 6- and 12-month CIR with multifraction SBRT were 3.4% (95% CI, 0.0-7.2%) and 11.7% (95% CI, 4.8%-18.6%), respectively. Median survival from diagnosis for all patients was 13.6 months (95% CI, 12.2-15.0 months). The 6- and 12- month survival rates from SBRT for the single-fraction group were 67.0% (95% CI, 57.2%-78.5%) and 30.8% (95% CI, 21.9%-43.6%), respectively. The 6- and 12- month survival rates for the multifraction group were 75.7% (95% CI, 67.2%-85.3%) and 34.9% (95% CI, 26.1%-46.8%), respectively. There were no differences in CIR or survival rates between the single- and multifraction groups. The 6- and 12-month cumulative incidence rates of gastrointestinal toxicity grade ≥3 were 8.1% (95% CI, 1.8%-14.4%) and 12.3% (95% CI, 4.7%-20.0%), respectively, in the single-fraction group, and both were 5.6% (95% CI, 0.8%-10.5%) in the multifraction group. There were significantly fewer instances of toxicity grade ≥2 with multifraction SBRT (P=.005). Local recurrence and toxicity grade ≥2 were independent predictors of worse survival. Conclusions Multifraction SBRT for pancreatic cancer significantly reduces gastrointestinal toxicity without compromising local control.International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 11/2014; 90(4):918–925. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.06.066 · 4.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction Complete tumor extirpation (R0 resection) remains the best possibility for long-term survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Unfortunately, approximately 80% of patients are not amenable to resection at diagnosis either because of metastatic (40%) or locally advanced disease (40%). Recent reports of irreversible electroporation (IRE), a high-voltage, short-pulse, cellular energy ablation device, have shown the modality to be safe and potentially beneficial to prognosis. IRE to augment/accentuate the margin during pancreatic resection for certain locally advanced pancreatic cancers has not been reported. Methods Patients with locally advanced/borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who underwent pancreatectomy with margin accentuation with IRE were followed in a prospective, institutional review board–approved database from July 2010 to January 2013. Data regarding local recurrence, margin status, and survival were evaluated. Results A total of 48 patients with locally advanced pancreatic/borderline cancers underwent pancreatectomy, including pancreatoduodenectomy (58%), subtotal pancreatectomy (35%), distal pancreatectomy (4%), and total pancreatectomy (4%), with IRE margin accentuation of the superior mesenteric artery and/or the anterior margin of the aorta. Most patients had undergone induction therapy with 33 patients (69%) receiving chemoradiation therapy and 18 patients chemotherapy for a median of 6 months (range, 4–13) before resection. A majority (54%) required vascular resection. A total of 9 patients (19%), sustained 21 complications with a median grade of 2 (range, 1–3), with a median duration of stay of 7 days (range, 4–58). With median follow-up of 24 months, 3 (6%) have local recurrence, with a median survival of 22.4 months. Conclusion Simultaneous intraoperative IRE and pancreatectomy can provide an adjunct to resection in patients with locally advanced disease. Long-term follow-up has demonstrated a small local recurrence rate that is lower than expected. Continued optimization in multimodality therapy and consideration of appropriate patients could translate into a larger subset that could be treated effectively.Surgery 10/2014; 156(4):910–922. DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2014.06.058 · 3.11 Impact Factor