d-Serine administration provokes lipid oxidation and decreases the antioxidant defenses in rat striatum.
ABSTRACT The present work investigated the effects of intrastriatal administration of d-serine on relevant parameters of oxidative stress in striatum of young rats. d-Serine significantly induced lipid peroxidation, reflected by the significant increase of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and significantly diminished the striatum antioxidant defenses, as verified by a decrease of the levels of reduced glutathione and total antioxidant status. Finally, d-serine inhibited superoxide dismutase activity, without altering the activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase. In contrast, this d-amino acid did not alter sulfhydryl oxidation, a measure of protein oxidative damage. The present data indicate that d-serine in vivo administration induces lipid oxidative damage and decreases the antioxidant defenses in the striatum of young rats. Therefore, it is presumed that this oxidative stress may be a pathomechanism involved at least in part in the neurological damage found in patients affected by disorders in which d-serine metabolism is compromised, leading to altered concentrations of this d-amino acid.
Article: Reference center spina bifidaAnnals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 10/2011; 54. DOI:10.1016/j.rehab.2011.07.485
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ABSTRACT: The glutamatergic pathway has been consistently involved in the physiopathology of depressive disorder. However a complete dissection and integration of its role in the context of other known mechanisms is lacking. We summarized and integrated the evidence of various levels of interaction between glutamatergic and monoaminergic pathways (see videos). We identified six molecular pathways, some of which with specific regional distribution within the brain. From the six pathways we identified the key proteins and their coding genes, we then provided a detailed list of possible candidates with practical suggestions for association studies planning.Progress in Neurobiology 06/2011; 94(4):418-60. DOI:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2011.05.009 · 10.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mefenamic acid, a non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID), directly and dose-dependently exhibits neuroprotective activity. In our study, we investigated the effects of mefenamic acid against d-serine on oxidative stress in the hippocampus, cortex and cerebellum of rats. Furthermore, the potential inflammatory and apoptotic effects of d-serine and potential protective effect of mefenamic acid were determined at mRNA and protein levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, Bcl-2 and Bax. We found that d-serine significantly increased oxidative stress, levels of inflammation- and apoptosis-related molecules in a region specific manner. Mefenamic acid treatment provided significant protection against the elevation of lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and Bax. As a conclusion, we suggest that d-serine, as a potential neurodegenerative agent, may have a pivotal role in the regulation of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis; and NSAIDs, such as mefenamic acid, may assist other therapeutics in treating disorders where d-serine-induced neurotoxic mechanisms are involved in.Free Radical Research 02/2012; 46(6):726-39. DOI:10.3109/10715762.2012.669836 · 2.99 Impact Factor