d-Serine administration provokes lipid oxidation and decreases the antioxidant defenses in rat striatum.

Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Ciências Básicas da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, CEP 90035-003, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
International journal of developmental neuroscience: the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 2.92). 03/2010; 28(4):297-301. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2010.03.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The present work investigated the effects of intrastriatal administration of d-serine on relevant parameters of oxidative stress in striatum of young rats. d-Serine significantly induced lipid peroxidation, reflected by the significant increase of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and significantly diminished the striatum antioxidant defenses, as verified by a decrease of the levels of reduced glutathione and total antioxidant status. Finally, d-serine inhibited superoxide dismutase activity, without altering the activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase. In contrast, this d-amino acid did not alter sulfhydryl oxidation, a measure of protein oxidative damage. The present data indicate that d-serine in vivo administration induces lipid oxidative damage and decreases the antioxidant defenses in the striatum of young rats. Therefore, it is presumed that this oxidative stress may be a pathomechanism involved at least in part in the neurological damage found in patients affected by disorders in which d-serine metabolism is compromised, leading to altered concentrations of this d-amino acid.