Discovery of Novel 6,6-Heterocycles as Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid (TRPV1) Antagonists
Neurogen Corporation, 35 Northeast Industrial Road, Branford, Connecticut 06405, USA. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
(Impact Factor: 5.45).
03/2010; 53(8):3330-48. DOI: 10.1021/jm100051g
The transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel that can be activated by a wide range of noxious stimuli, including capsaicin, acid, and heat. Blockade of TRPV1 activation by selective antagonists is under investigation in an attempt to identify novel agents for pain treatment. The design and synthesis of a series of novel TRPV1 antagonists with a variety of different 6,6-heterocyclic cores is described, and an extensive evaluation of the pharmacological and pharmacokinetic properties of a number of these compounds is reported. For example, the 1,8-naphthyridine 52 was characterized as an orally bioavailable and brain penetrant TRPV1 antagonist. In vivo, 52 fully reversed carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia (CITH) in rats and dose-dependently potently reduced complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced chronic inflammatory pain after oral administration.
Available from: Eliezer Barreiro
- "when it starts to be effective as an anti-hyperalgesic activity (at the 7th day post-ligation). This change is not statistically significant and it is not as high as that verified for the treatment with classical TRPV1 antagonists . "
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ABSTRACT: LASSBio-1135 is an imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivative with high efficacy in screening models of nociception and inflammation, presumed as a weak COX-2 inhibitor. In order to tease out its mechanism of action, we investigated others possible target for LASSBio-1135, such as TNF-α and TRPV1, to better characterize it as a multitarget compound useful in the treatment of chronic pain. TRPV1 modulation was assessed in TRPV1-expressing Xenopus oocytes against capsaicin and low pH-induced current. Modulation of TNF-α production was evaluated in culture of macrophages stimulated with LPS. In vivo efficacy of LASSBio-1135 was investigated in carrageenan and partial sciatic ligation-induced thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia. Corroborating its previous demonstration of efficacy in a model of capsaicin-induced hyperalgesia, LASSBio-1135 blocks capsaicin-elicited currents in a non-competitive way with an IC50 of 580 nM as well as low pH-induced current at 50 µM. As an additional action, LASSBio-1135 inhibited TNF-α release in these cells stimulated by LPS with an IC50 of 546 nM by reducing p38 MAPK phosphorilation. Oral administration of 100 µmol.Kg-1 LASSBio-1135 markedly reduced thermal hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan, however at 10 µmol.Kg-1 only a partial reduction was observed at the 4th h. Neutrophil recruitment and TNF-α production after carrageenan stimulus was also inhibited by the treatment with LASSBio-1135. Modulating TRPV1 and TNF-α production, two key therapeutic targets of neuropathic pain, 100 µmol.Kg-1 LASSBio-1135 was orally efficacious in reversing thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia produced by partial sciatic ligation 7-11 days after surgery without provoking hyperthermia, a common side effect of TRPV1 antagonists. In conclusion LASSBio-1135, besides being a weak COX-2 inhibitor, is a non-competitive TRPV1 antagonist and a TNF-α inhibitor. As a multitarget compound, LASSBio-1135 is orally efficacious in a model of neuropathic pain without presenting hyperthermia.
PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e99510. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0099510 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 1 (TRPV1) is a non-selective cation channel that can be activated by a wide range of noxious stimuli, including capsaicin, acid, and heat. Blockade of TRPV1 activation by selective antagonists is under investigation in an attempt to identify novel agents for pain treatment. During pre-clinical development, the 1,8-naphthyridine 2 demonstrated unacceptably high levels of irreversible covalent binding. Replacement of the 1,8-naphthyridine core by a pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazine led to the discovery of compound 26 which was shown to have significantly lower potential for the formation of reactive metabolites. Compound 26 was characterized as an orally bioavailable TRPV1 antagonist with moderate brain penetration. In vivo, 26 significantly attenuated carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia (CITH) and dose-dependently reduced complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced chronic inflammatory pain after oral administration.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 08/2010; 20(15):4359-63. DOI:10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.06.069 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Based upon a previously reported lead compound 1, a series of 1,2-diamino-ethane-substituted-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-pyrimido[4,5-d]azepines were synthesized and evaluated for improved physiochemical and pharmacokinetic properties while maintaining TRPV1 antagonist activity. Structure-activity relationship studies directed toward improving the aqueous solubility (pH 2 and fasted-state simulated intestinal fluid (SIF)) and rat pharmacokinetics led to the discovery of compound 13. Aqueous solubility of compound 13 (pH 2 ≥237 μg/mL and SIF=11 μg/mL) was significantly improved over compound 1 (pH 2=5 μg/mL and SIF=0.5 μg/mL). In addition, compound 13 afforded improved rat pharmacokinetics (CL=0.7 L/kg/h) compared to compound 1 (CL=3.1 L/kg/h). Compound 13 was orally bioavailable and afforded a significant reversal of carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia at 5 and 30 mg/kg in rats.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 09/2010; 20(23):7142-6. DOI:10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.006 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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