The lesion termed "infiltrating epitheliosis" (IE) by Azzopardi is described using his original criteria. The differential diagnosis from radial scar (RS) is discussed. It appears that IE and RS are histologically and histogenetically different and are also associated with a different risk of carcinoma. IE can be associated with either in situ or invasive carcinoma, whereas RS being more like a process of involution is very seldom involved by a carcinoma. Therefore, whatever name is used among the several found in the literature, it should be made clear they are not interchangeable when reporting on lesions like IE and RS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Morphological criteria for the diagnosis of intraductal proliferative lesions of the breast have been an object of research and much controversy, and its terminology is rather confusing. Knowledge of the molecular aspects of this disease probably necessitates further research to clarify if these entities can be identified as breast cancer precursors or as a malignant preinvasive disease. These issues are of great interest not only for their biological implications, but also to the clinician who must understand the disease and direct therapies. Molecular studies have shown that epitheliosis (usual ductal hyperplasia) is not monoclonal, while malignant lesions (atypical ductal hyperplasia, flat epithelial atypia, low-grade and high-grade intraductal carcinoma) constantly show these characteristics. These malignant lesions, classified with a DIN grading system (ductal intraepithelial neoplasia), are not obligate precursors of invasive ductal carcinoma and do not represent different evolving grades in a linear model of cancerogenesis. Breast cancerogenesis probably has different pathways with different morphologic precursors.
International Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2012; 2012(3):501904. DOI:10.1155/2012/501904
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