The JAK2 46/1 haplotype predisposes to MPL-mutated myeloproliferative neoplasms.
ABSTRACT The 46/1 JAK2 haplotype predisposes to V617F-positive myeloproliferative neoplasms, but the underlying mechanism is obscure. We analyzed essential thrombocythemia patients entered into the PT-1 studies and, as expected, found that 46/1 was overrepresented in V617F-positive cases (n = 404) versus controls (n = 1492, P = 3.9 x 10(-11)). The 46/1 haplotype was also overrepresented in cases without V617F (n = 347, P = .009), with an excess seen for both MPL exon 10 mutated and V617F, MPL exon 10 nonmutated cases. Analysis of further MPL-positive, V617F-negative cases confirmed an excess of 46/1 (n = 176, P = .002), but no association between MPL mutations and MPL haplotype was seen. An excess of 46/1 was also seen in JAK2 exon 12 mutated cases (n = 69, P = .002), and these mutations preferentially arose on the 46/1 chromosome (P = .029). No association between 46/1 and clinical or laboratory features was seen in the PT-1 cohort either with or without V617F. The excess of 46/1 in JAK2 exon 12 cases is compatible with both the "hypermutability" and "fertile ground" hypotheses, but the excess in MPL-mutated cases argues against the former. No difference in sequence, splicing, or expression of JAK2 was found on 46/1 compared with other haplotypes, suggesting that any functional difference of JAK2 on 46/1, if it exists, must be relatively subtle.
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ABSTRACT: Polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and idiopathic myelofibrosis are clonal myeloproliferative disorders arising from a multipotent progenitor. The loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on the short arm of chromosome 9 (9pLOH) in myeloproliferative disorders suggests that 9p harbors a mutation that contributes to the cause of clonal expansion of hematopoietic cells in these diseases. We performed microsatellite mapping of the 9pLOH region and DNA sequencing in 244 patients with myeloproliferative disorders (128 with polycythemia vera, 93 with essential thrombocythemia, and 23 with idiopathic myelofibrosis). Microsatellite mapping identified a 9pLOH region that included the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene. In patients with 9pLOH, JAK2 had a homozygous G-->T transversion, causing phenylalanine to be substituted for valine at position 617 of JAK2 (V617F). All 51 patients with 9pLOH had the V617F mutation. Of 193 patients without 9pLOH, 66 were heterozygous for V617F and 127 did not have the mutation. The frequency of V617F was 65 percent among patients with polycythemia vera (83 of 128), 57 percent among patients with idiopathic myelofibrosis (13 of 23), and 23 percent among patients with essential thrombocythemia (21 of 93). V617F is a somatic mutation present in hematopoietic cells. Mitotic recombination probably causes both 9pLOH and the transition from heterozygosity to homozygosity for V617F. Genetic evidence and in vitro functional studies indicate that V617F gives hematopoietic precursors proliferative and survival advantages. Patients with the V617F mutation had a significantly longer duration of disease and a higher rate of complications (fibrosis, hemorrhage, and thrombosis) and treatment with cytoreductive therapy than patients with wild-type JAK2. A high proportion of patients with myeloproliferative disorders carry a dominant gain-of-function mutation of JAK2.New England Journal of Medicine 05/2005; 352(17):1779-90. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An acquired V617F JAK2 mutation occurs in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) or essential thrombocythemia (ET). In a proportion of V617F-positive patients, mitotic recombination produces mutation-homozygous cells that come to predominate with time. However, the prevalence of homozygosity is unclear, as previous reports studied mixed populations of wild-type, V617F-heterozygous, and V617F-homozygous mutant cells. We therefore analyzed 1766 individual hematopoietic colonies from 34 patients with PV or ET in whom granulocyte sequencing demonstrated that the mutant peak did not predominate. V617F-positive erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-Es) were more frequent in patients with PV compared with patients with ET (P = .022) and, strikingly, V617F-homozygous BFU-Es were detected in all 17 patients with PV, but in none of the patients with ET (P < .001). Moreover, mutation-homozygous cells were present in 2 patients with ET after polycythemic transformation. These results demonstrate that V617F-homozygous erythroid progenitors are present in most patients with PV but occur rarely in those with ET.Blood 10/2006; 108(7):2435-7. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myeloproliferative neoplasms are hematological malignancies frequently associated with somatically acquired mutation of the JAK2 gene. A new study shows that these mutations are preferentially found within a particular inherited JAK2 haplotype, implying the existence of a strong, but uncharacterized, interaction between somatic and germline genetics at this locus.Nature Genetics 05/2009; 41(4):385-6. · 35.21 Impact Factor