Impact of surfactants on pretreatment of corn stover

Center for Environmental Research and Technology, Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California, 1084 Columbia Avenue, Riverside, CA 92507, USA.
Bioresource Technology (Impact Factor: 5.04). 03/2010; 101(15):5941-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.03.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lignin in pretreated cellulosic biomass can non-productively adsorb cellulase, resulting in loss of a significant portion of this expensive protein. In addition, lignin interferes with the path for cellulase action, slowing down hydrolysis. Thus, the effectiveness of enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated lignocellulosic biomass can be significantly enhanced if lignin is removed or effectively modified before adding enzymes. In this study, the enzymatic digestibilities of solids resulting from using the surfactants Tween-80, dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid, and polyethylene glycol 4000 during water-only or dilute acid pretreatment of corn stover at 140-220 degrees C were evaluated. All of these surfactants increased lignin removal during pretreatment and reduced non-productive binding of enzymes on the biomass surface, but Tween-80 increased enzymatic hydrolysis yields and enhanced total sugar recovery more than the other two. Surfactant pretreatment was found to improve lignin solubility, which could improve cellulose digestibility by reducing unproductive binding to enzyme, and also appeared to enhance performance by modifying the biomass surface.

Download full-text


Available from: Charles E Wyman, Jul 07, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated a novel pretreatment method, as an essential step, for production of second generation bioethanol from sugarcane bagasse (SCB). Effect of tween 80 (TW) and polyethylene glycol 4000 (PEG) on SCB pretreatment was assessed using 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl) as an ionic liquid (IL). Different concentrations of TW and PEG were used to determine the optimum concentration of surfactant for the highest percentage of cellulose conversion. TW and PEG increased lignin removal by 12.5% over the IL-only pretreated sample. The 3% (w/w) PEG showed a significant increase in enzymatic digestibility with an efficiency of 96.2% after 12h of hydrolysis; this was 23% higher than the efficiency of SCB pretreated with IL. The increase in digestibility of surfactant assisted IL pretreatment method can be attributed to the decrease in cellulose crystallinity, changes in the cellulose lattice, and delignification; which was confirmed by FT-IR, XRD and FE-SEM analysis.
    Bioresource Technology 06/2014; 169C:33-37. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.023 · 5.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Bioresource Technology 01/2014; 169:33–37. · 5.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cationic polyelectrolyte was first used as the additive in the nanoshear hybrid alkaline pretreatment of corn stover. The novel nanoshear hybrid pretreatment process was recently developed at MSU. The chemical compositions and morphologies were investigated by SEM, TEM, confocal CLSM, and XPS to elucidate the degradation mechanism of cellular structures. At room temperature and fast processing conditions (∼2 min), lignin was found to redistribute on the inner and outer surfaces of the cell wall as lignin aggregate droplets instead of being extracted. Free microfibrils in the residues were also observed. The yields of enzymatic hydrolysis were enhanced for the pretreated corn stover with the aid of polyelectrolyte as an additive. We speculate that lignin was effectively modified which opened up the cell wall structure during the short pretreatment process and prevented non-productive binding of enzymes in the enzyme hydrolysis reaction.
    Bioresource Technology 03/2013; 133:45-50. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2013.01.128 · 5.04 Impact Factor