Article

Screening for suicidality in cancer patients using Item 9 of the nine-item patient health questionnaire; does the item score predict who requires further assessment?

Psychological Medicine Research, University of Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XR, UK.
General hospital psychiatry (Impact Factor: 2.9). 03/2010; 32(2):218-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2009.11.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine whether a higher score on Item 9 of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (range zero to three) was more likely to indicate suicidality as determined at subsequent clinical interview in cancer outpatients.
Analysis of anonymized data (with ethical approval) obtained from the routine clinical administration of self-report questionnaires and telephone interviews to patients attending a cancer centre in the UK.
Complete data were available on 330 patients. Those with higher scores on the item were more likely to be suicidal at interview. However, a substantial number of those (54/235; 23%) who scored only one on the item were also found to be suicidal.
A higher score on Item 9 of the PHQ-9 indicates a greater likelihood that the patient is suicidal. However, even patients who score only 1 may be suicidal and consequently also require further assessment.

0 Followers
 · 
97 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity is associated with increased risks for mental disorders. This study examined associations of obesity indicators including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and waist-height ratio with suicidal ideation among U.S. women. We analyzed data from 3,732 nonpregnant women aged ≥20 years who participated in the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We used anthropometric measures of weight, height, and waist circumference to calculate BMI and waist-height ratio. Suicidal ideation was assessed using the Item 9 of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Odds ratios with 95% conference intervals were estimated using logistic regression analyses after controlling for potential confounders. The age-adjusted prevalence of suicidal ideation was 3.0%; the prevalence increased linearly across quartiles of BMI, waist circumference, and waist-height ratio (P for linear trend <0.01 for all). The positive associations of waist circumference and waist-height ratio with suicidal ideation remained significant (P < 0.05) after adjustment for sociodemographics, lifestyle-related behavioral factors, and having either chronic conditions or current depression. However, these associations were attenuated after both chronic conditions and depression were entered into the models. Thus, the previously reported association between obesity and suicidal ideation appears to be confounded by coexistence of chronic conditions and current depression among women of the United States.
    Journal of obesity 06/2012; 2012:263142. DOI:10.1155/2012/263142
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) are potent growth factors belonging to the Transforming Growth Factor Beta superfamily. To date over 20 members have been identified in humans with varying functions during processes such as embryogenesis, skeletal formation, hematopoiesis and neurogenesis. Though their functions have been identified, less is known regarding levels of regulation at the extracellular matrix, membrane surface, and receptor activation. Further, current models of activation lack the integration of these regulatory mechanisms. This review focuses on the different levels of regulation, ranging from the release of BMPs into the extracellular components to receptor activation for different BMPs. It also highlights areas in research that is lacking or contradictory.
    Cellular Signalling 10/2010; 23(4):609-20. DOI:10.1016/j.cellsig.2010.10.003 · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with serious medical illnesses, such as cancer, are at increased risk of suicide but are also often facing death. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) is widely used to screen patients for depression. It includes an item that asks about thoughts of death and hurting yourself (Item-9). To describe the nature of thoughts of death and suicide reported in clinical interviews carried out to further assess suicidal ideation of cancer outpatients who had endorsed the "suicidal thoughts item" (Item-9) of the PHQ-9 during routine depression screening. Secondary analysis of anonymized service data (with ethical approval) derived from the routine clinical administration of self-report questionnaires and telephone interviews to outpatients attending a Cancer Centre in the UK. Complete data were available on 330/463 (71%) of patients who had endorsed Item-9. In a subsequent structured telephone interview, approximately one-third of these patients denied any thoughts that they would be better off dead, another third acknowledged having thoughts that they would be better off dead, but not of suicide, and the remaining third reported clear thoughts of committing suicide. Only one-third of cancer outpatients who endorse the "suicidal thoughts item" of the PHQ-9 report suicidal thoughts at a subsequent interview. Services planning to set up depression screening with the PHQ-9 need to carefully consider the relative benefits and burden to their service and patients of including Item-9 and interviewing all those who endorse it.
    Psychosomatics 09/2011; 52(5):424-7. DOI:10.1016/j.psym.2011.02.003 · 1.67 Impact Factor