Compressed collagen gel as the scaffold for skin engineering.
ABSTRACT Collagen gel scaffolds can potentially be utilized as cell seeded systems for skin tissue engineering. However, its dramatic contraction after being mixed with cells and its mechanical weakness are the drawbacks for its application to skin engineering. In this study, a compressed collagen gel scaffold was fabricated through the rapid expulsion of liquid from reconstituted gels by the application of 'plastic compression'(PC) technique. Both compressed and uncompressed gels were characterized with their gel contraction rate, morphology, the viability of seeded cells, their mechanical properties and the feasibility as a scaffold for constructing tissue-engineered skin. The results showed that the compression could significantly reduce the contraction of the collagen gel and improve its mechanical property. In addition, seeded dermal fibroblasts survived well in the compressed gel and seeded epidermal cells gradually developed into a stratified epidermal layer, and thus formed tissue engineered skin. This study reveals the potential of using compressed collagen gel as a scaffold for skin engineering.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of these studies was to analyze the consequences of long-term collagen gel contraction on fibroblast growth and metabolic activity. After 4 weeks, floating gels were 98% contracted, and attached gels were 94% contracted. During this culture period, fibroblasts in floating gels regressed significantly compared to fibroblasts in attached gels, although the cells remaining in the floating gels were viable. In attached gels, fibroblasts were bipolar; whereas in floating gels, fibroblasts were stellate. Therefore, differences between survival of fibroblasts in attached and floating collagen gels might depend on cell shape. Similarly, extracellular matrix organization and its influence on cell shape might control fibroblast proliferation in granulation tissue. During long-term culture of fibroblasts in contracted collagen gels, 70%-80% of the starting collagen was degraded. Collagen synthesized by cells in 4-d cultures was mostly procollagen secreted into the medium. On the other hand, collagen synthesized in 4-week cultures was processed to alpha (I) chains and incorporated into the matrix. There also were other differences between the proteins synthesized by fibroblasts after short-term and long-term culture in contracted gels. These findings show that fibroblasts in long-term collagen gel cultures express unique growth and biosynthetic characteristics.Journal of Investigative Dermatology 01/1990; 93(6):792-8. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of artificial skin substitutes in burn surgery and the treatment of chronic wounds is constantly evolving. New products are regularly being produced and approved for clinical use. Studies on existing products clarify their efficacy and effectiveness in different clinical scenarios. This review is aimed at busy clinicians in order to bring them up to date with the latest developments in the field of artificial skin substitutes. It examines the components, structure, performance and comparative costs of the main commercial skin substitutes, and reviews briefly technologies under development that have not yet become widely available.British Journal of Plastic Surgery 05/2002; 55(3):185-93. · 1.29 Impact Factor
Article: Biomedical applications of collagen.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Collagen is regarded as one of the most useful biomaterials. The excellent biocompatibility and safety due to its biological characteristics, such as biodegradability and weak antigenecity, made collagen the primary resource in medical applications. The main applications of collagen as drug delivery systems are collagen shields in ophthalmology, sponges for burns/wounds, mini-pellets and tablets for protein delivery, gel formulation in combination with liposomes for sustained drug delivery, as controlling material for transdermal delivery, and nanoparticles for gene delivery and basic matrices for cell culture systems. It was also used for tissue engineering including skin replacement, bone substitutes, and artificial blood vessels and valves. This article reviews biomedical applications of collagen including the collagen film, which we have developed as a matrix system for evaluation of tissue calcification and for the embedding of a single cell suspension for tumorigenic study. The advantages and disadvantages of each system are also discussed.International Journal of Pharmaceutics 07/2001; 221(1-2):1-22. · 3.46 Impact Factor