Silk-based delivery systems of bioactive molecules.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA.
Advanced drug delivery reviews (Impact Factor: 12.71). 03/2010; 62(15):1497-508. DOI: 10.1016/j.addr.2010.03.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Silks are biodegradable, biocompatible, self-assembling proteins that can also be tailored via genetic engineering to contain specific chemical features, offering utility for drug and gene delivery. Silkworm silk has been used in biomedical sutures for decades and has recently achieved Food and Drug Administration approval for expanded biomaterials device utility. With the diversity and control of size, structure and chemistry, modified or recombinant silk proteins can be designed and utilized in various biomedical application, such as for the delivery of bioactive molecules. This review focuses on the biosynthesis and applications of silk-based multi-block copolymer systems and related silk protein drug delivery systems. The utility of these systems for the delivery of small molecule drugs, proteins and genes is reviewed.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The design and synthesis of efficient drug delivery systems are of vital importance for medicine and healthcare. Nanocarrier-based drug delivery systems, in particular nanoparticles, have generated great excitement in the field of drug delivery since they provide new opportunities to overcome the limitations of conventional delivery methods with regards to the drugs. Silk fibroin (SF) is a naturally occurring protein polymer with several unique properties that make it a suitable material for incorporation into a variety of drug delivery vehicles capable of delivering a range of therapeutic agents. SF matrices have been shown to successfully deliver anticancer drugs, small molecules, and biomolecules. This review will provide an in-depth discussion of the development of SF nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Journal of Controlled Release 03/2015; 206. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2015.03.020 · 7.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) has been investigated extensively as a bone substitute nowadays. However, the bone formation capacity of BCP is limited owing to lack of osteoinduction. Silk fibroin (SF) has a structure similar to type I collagen, and could be developed to a microsphere for the sustained-release of rhBMP-2. In our previous report, bioactivity of BCP could be enhanced by rhBMP-2/SF microsphere (containing 0.5 µg rhBMP-2) in vitro. However, the bone regeneration performance of the composite in vivo was not investigated. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of BCP/rhBMP-2/SF in a sheep lumbar fusion model. A BCP and rhBMP-2/SF microsphere was developed, and then was integrated into a BCP/rhBMP-2/SF composite. BCP, BCP/rhBMP-2 and BCP/rhBMP-2/SF were implanted randomly into the disc spaces of 30 sheep at the levels of L1/2, L3/4 and L5/6. After sacrificed, the fusion segments were evaluated by manual palpation, CT scan, biomechanical testing and histology at 3 and 6 months, respectively. The composite demonstrated a burst-release of rhBMP-2 (39.1 ± 2.8 %) on the initial 4 days and a sustained-release (accumulative 81.3 ± 4.9 %) for more than 28 days. The fusion rates, semi-quantitative CT scores, fusion stiffness in bending in all directions and histologic scores of BCP/rhBMP-2/SF were significantly greater than BCP and BCP/rhBMP-2 at each time point, respectively (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that the SF microspheres containing a very low dose of rhBMP-2 improve fusion in sheep using BCP constructs.
    Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 03/2015; 26(3):5463. DOI:10.1007/s10856-015-5463-x · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: For centuries, Bombyx mori silkworm silk fibroin has been used as a high-end textile fiber. Beyond textiles, silk fibroin has also been used as a surgical suture material for decades, and is being further developed for various emerging biomedical applications. The facile and versatile processability of silk fibroin in native and regenerated forms makes it appealing in a range of applications that require a mechanically superior, biocompatible, biodegradable, and functionalizable material. In this review, we describe the current understandings of the constituents, structures, and mechanical properties of silk fibroin. Following that, we summarize the strategies to bring its mechanical performance closer to that of spider dragline silk. Next, we discuss how functionalization endows silk fibroin with desired functionalities and also the effects of functionalization on its mechanical properties. Finally, from the mechanical point of view, we discuss various matrices/morphologies of silk fibroin, and their respective applications in term of functionalities, mechanical properties and performance.
    Progress in Polymer Science 02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2015.02.001 · 26.85 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from