Article

Analisa Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Ibu Dalam Pemberian MP-ASI Dini Di Kecamatan Pandan Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah Tahun 2007

01/2008;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT 08E00834 Pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) sejak bayi berusia 6 bulan merupakan salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi tumbuh kembang optimal pada bayi. Hasil Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (Susenas) 2002 menunjukkan bahwa persentase ibu yang memberi makanan bayi terlalu dini kepada bayinya cukup tinggi: 32% ibu memberikan makanan tambahan kepada bayinya ketika berumur 2-3 bulan; 69% terhadap bayi yang berumur 4-5 bulan. Kondisi yang sama terdapat di Kecamatan Pandan Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah: sebanyak 52,15% dari 1.268 bayi sudah mendapat MP-ASI di bawah usia 6 bulan. Telah dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku ibu dalam pemberian MP-ASI pada bayi usia 6-24 bulan di Kecamatan Pandan Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah tahun 2007. Penelitian merupakan survei dengan tipe explanatory research, dengan populasi seluruh ibu yang tidak memberikan ASI eksklusif. Sampel berjumlah 147 orang. Data diolah dengan menggunakan uji regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel predisposisi yang mempunyai pengaruh secara signifikan terhadap pemberian MP-ASI adalah sikap (p=0,048). Variabel pendukung yang mempunyai pengaruh terhadap pemberian MP-ASI adalah keterpaparan media (p=0,038); variabel pendorong yang mempunyai pengaruh terhadap pemberian MP-ASI adalah dukungan keluarga (p=0,019) dan kebiasaan memberi MP-ASI di masyarakat < 6 bulan (p=0,036). Variabel yang tidak berpengaruh terhadap pemberian MP-ASI dalam penelitian ini adalah umur, paritas, pendidikan, pengetahuan, pekerjaan, jarak pelayanan kesehatan, dan dukungan petugas kesehatan. Disarankan perlu adanya peningkatan frekuensi penyuluhan tentang pemberian MP-ASI > 6 bulan di masyarakat oleh Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah dengan jajarannya dengan melibatkan semua komponen yang ada. Giving extra food beside breastfeeding to a baby since it is six months old is one of the factor that influence its optimal growth. The result of the National Socio-economic Survey 2002 shows that the percentage of mothers giving extra food beside breastfeeding to their babies too early is quite high: 32 % of the mothers gave an extra food to their babies when they were about 2-3 months old, and 69 % of them gave their babies an extra food when they were 4-5 months old. The same condition exists in Pandan Sub-district, Tapanuli Tengah District: 52,15% of the 1.268 babies have been given extra food beside breastfeeding when they were less than 6 months old. This survey study with explanatory research type was conducted to analyze the factors which influence mother’s behavior in giving extra food beside breastfeeding to their babies of 6-24 months old in Pandan Sub-district, Tapanuli Tengah District in 2007. The population for this study is all of the mothers who did not give an exclusive breastfeed in 2006 and 147 of them were selected to be the sample. The data obtained were analyzed through logistic regression test. The result of this study shows that the predisposition variable having a significant influence on giving extra food beside breastfeeding is attitude (p = 0.048). The supporting variable influencing the giving of extra food beside breastfeeding is media exposure (p = 0.038). Variables that influence the giving of extra food beside breastfeeding is family support (p = 0.019) and the habit of giving extra food beside breastfeeding in public less than 6 months old (p = 0.036). In this study, the variable which do not have any influence on the giving extra food beside breastfeeding are age, parity, education, knowledge, occupation, distance of health service facility from home, and support from health workers. Based on the value of ?, the most influencing variable which have influence on the giving of extra food beside breastfeeding is the habit of feeding the babies (B = 3.043) It is suggested that the Tapanuli Tengah district health office involving all components available need to increase the frequency of providing extension on giving extra beside breastfeeding when the baby is less than 6 months old to the community. Dr.Drs. R. Kintoko Rochadi, MKM; Dra. Syarifah, MS

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