Perdarahan Dalam Otak

Source: OAI


Perdarahan yang tiba-tiba dalam jaringan otak merupakan bentuk yang menghancurkan pada stroke hemoragik dan dapat terjadi pada semua umur. bedah-iskandar japardi57

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    ABSTRACT: This report summarizes the outcome of 56 patients with cerebellar lesions of vascular origin, 40 patients with cerebellar infarction, and 16 with spontaneous cerebellar haemorrhage. All patients had computerized tomography: occlusive hydrocephalus was diagnosed in 75% of patients with cerebellar haemorrhage and in 23% with cerebellar infarction. Nine out of 10 patients survived after early surgical evacuation of the haematoma and 4 of them recovered completely. Two patients underwent only external ventricular drainage (EVD), one died after 2 days, and the other recovered with a moderate deficit. Three of 4 medically treated patients died within one week; all had developed occlusive hydrocephalus. The fourth medically treated patient recovered completely; consciousness had never deteriorated nor had occlusive hydrocephalus developed. Among 40 patients with cerebellar infarction, 13 developed progressive deterioration of consciousness; 7 of them underwent decompressive craniectomy of the posterior fossa and survived. One patient had only external ventricular drainage and died. Four out of the 5 medically treated patients died during the acute phase. From these observations and several reports in the literature, it is concluded that both cerebellar haemorrhage and infarction should be operated on as soon as progressive deterioration of consciousness develops. This occurs more frequently in patients with cerebellar haemorrhage than with cerebellar infarction. Individual decision-making in each case necessitates intensive neurosurgical observation.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 02/1986; 79(2-4):74-9. DOI:10.1007/BF01407448 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors report a study of all instances of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) (188 cases) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) (80 cases) that occurred in the Greater Cincinnati area during 1988. Adjusted for age, sex, and race, the annual incidence of ICH was 15 per 100,000 population (95% confidence interval 13 to 17) versus six per 100,000 for SAH (95% confidence interval 5 to 8). The incidence of ICH was at least double that of SAH for women, men, and whites and approximately 1 1/2 times that for blacks. The 30-day mortality rate of 44% for ICH was not significantly different from the 46% mortality rate for SAH. Despite the evidence that ICH is more than twice as common and the disorder just as deadly as SAH, clinical and laboratory research continues to focus primarily on SAH.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 03/1993; 78(2):188-91. DOI:10.3171/jns.1993.78.2.0188 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    The American journal of roentgenology, radium therapy, and nuclear medicine 05/1971; 111(4):663-71. DOI:10.1097/00004424-197007000-00024
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