Conference Paper

Voltage and frequency control of inverter based weak LV network microgrid

VTT Processes, Vaasa, Finland;
DOI: 10.1109/FPS.2005.204293 Conference: Future Power Systems, 2005 International Conference on
Source: IEEE Xplore

ABSTRACT In this paper voltage and frequency control of islanded microgrid after intentional and unintentional switching events are investigated. The weak low voltage (LV) network based microgrid consists of two inverter based distributed generation (DG) units. One unit is a storage (battery) unit and the other is a photovoltaic (PV) cell. In this case the battery inverter with rapid response is considered to act as a master and it has the main responsibility to control the voltage and frequency in microgrid when islanded from the main distribution network. The studies are performed on a PSCAD simulation software package. Simulation studies show the voltage - active power and frequency - reactive power dependency in weak LV network. The studies also show that in order to maintain frequency balance in islanded microgrid, there is need for a reference sine wave generator inside master unit which imitates the main network phase voltages and gives the input for master units' (battery storage) PLL (phase locked loop) during islanding

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