Medical versus surgical management for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in adults
ABSTRACT Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition with up to 20% of patients from Westernised countries experiencing heartburn, reflux or both intermittently. It is unclear whether medical or surgical (laparoscopic fundoplication) management is the most clinically and cost-effective treatment for controlling GORD.
To compare the effects of medical management versus laparoscopic fundoplication surgery on health-related and GORD-specific quality of life (QOL) in adults with GORD.
We searched CENTRAL (Issue 2, 2009), MEDLINE (1966 to May 2009) and EMBASE (1980 to May 2009). We handsearched conference abstracts and reference lists from published trials to identify further trials. We contacted experts in the field for relevant unpublished material.
All randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing medical management with laparoscopic fundoplication surgery.
Two authors independently extracted data from articles identified for inclusion and assessed the methodological quality of eligible trials. Primary outcomes were: health-related and GORD-specific QOL, heartburn, regurgitation and dysphagia.
Four trials were included with a total of 1232 randomised participants. Health-related QOL was reported by four studies although data were combined using fixed-effect models for two studies (Anvari 2006; REFLUX Trial 2008). There were statistically significant improvements in health-related QOL at three months and one year after surgery compared to medical therapy (mean difference (MD) SF36 general health score -5.23, 95% CI -6.83 to -3.62; I(2) = 0%). All four studies reported significant improvements in GORD-specific QOL after surgery compared to medical therapy although data were not combined. There is evidence to suggest that symptoms of heartburn, reflux and bloating are improved after surgery compared to medical therapy, but a small proportion of participants have persistent postoperative dysphagia. Overall rates of postoperative complications were low but surgery is not without risk and postoperative adverse events occurred although they were uncommon. The costs of surgery are considerably higher than the cost of medical management although data are based on the first year of treatment therefore the cost and side effects associated with long-term treatment of chronic GORD need to be considered.
There is evidence that laparoscopic fundoplication surgery is more effective than medical management for the treatment of GORD at least in the short to medium term. Surgery does carry some risk and whether the benefits of surgery are sustained in the long term remains uncertain. Treatment decisions for GORD should be based on patient and surgeon preference.
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ABSTRACT: The gastrointestinal tract is a major source of morbidity in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF), with a wide range of complications, some of them being specific to the underlying disease. Abnormal CFTR function, with reduced bicarbonate and other ion transport levels through the apical surface of epithelial cells, affects the intestinal tract including the pancreas and the liver. Similarly to what is observed in the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal CFTR dysfunction leads to mucus accumulation, dysmotility, small bowel bacterial overgrowth and inflammation with alteration of innate immune responses, all of which being likely to be interrelated. In developed countries, almost half of patients with CF are adults followed in multidisciplinary CF care centres by pneumologists who often have to manage gastrointestinal complications. It therefore appears essential that adult gastroenterologists develop the expertise needed for managing CF gastrointestinal complications in close collaboration with multidisciplinary CF care centre teams to improve the quality of life of adults with CF. Copyright © 2015 SPLF. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 05/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.rmr.2014.12.008 · 0.49 Impact Factor
- 10/2013; 78(4):231-239. DOI:10.1016/j.rgmxen.2014.02.010
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ABSTRACT: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder generally mediated by antibodies against the acetylcholine receptors of the skeletal muscles. Depending on the disease burden, MG patients may experience chronic dysregulation of both the hormonal stress axis and the immune system, consequently, aggravating the disease itself but also leading to secondary psychopathological abnormalities. A long-term clinical course requires long-term glucocorticoid (GC) therapy, which may change the psychological state by affecting the pituitary-adrenocortical system in MG patients. In this study, we investigated the function of the pituitary-adrenocortical system in MG patients who were treated with prednisolone (PSL) and evaluated their quality of life by using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey and the 28-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-28). ACTH and cortisol levels in the plasma of patients who were treated with PSL (PSL[+] group, n = 18) were lower than those in the plasma of patients who were treated without PSL (PSL[-] group, n = 29; P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively). In the PSL(+) group, we confirmed that cortisol levels negatively correlated with daily PSL dosages (P < 0.05). The anxiety and depression scores from the GHQ-28 in the PSL(+) group were lower than those in the PSL(-) group (P < 0.05, respectively). There was no significant correlation between cortisol levels and corticotropin levels in plasma of the PSL(-) group. However, we confirmed that corticotropin levels positively correlated with cortisol levels in plasma (P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with anxiety/insomnia scores from the GHQ-28 (P < 0.05) in the PSL(+) group. In conclusion, low-dose GC treatment complemented the pituitary-adrenocortical system and improved the psychological state in MG patients.Clinical neuropharmacology 01/2012; 35(1):30-6. DOI:10.1097/WNF.0b013e31823c5480 · 1.84 Impact Factor