Medical versus surgical management for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in adults
ABSTRACT Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition with up to 20% of patients from Westernised countries experiencing heartburn, reflux or both intermittently. It is unclear whether medical or surgical (laparoscopic fundoplication) management is the most clinically and cost-effective treatment for controlling GORD.
To compare the effects of medical management versus laparoscopic fundoplication surgery on health-related and GORD-specific quality of life (QOL) in adults with GORD.
We searched CENTRAL (Issue 2, 2009), MEDLINE (1966 to May 2009) and EMBASE (1980 to May 2009). We handsearched conference abstracts and reference lists from published trials to identify further trials. We contacted experts in the field for relevant unpublished material.
All randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing medical management with laparoscopic fundoplication surgery.
Two authors independently extracted data from articles identified for inclusion and assessed the methodological quality of eligible trials. Primary outcomes were: health-related and GORD-specific QOL, heartburn, regurgitation and dysphagia.
Four trials were included with a total of 1232 randomised participants. Health-related QOL was reported by four studies although data were combined using fixed-effect models for two studies (Anvari 2006; REFLUX Trial 2008). There were statistically significant improvements in health-related QOL at three months and one year after surgery compared to medical therapy (mean difference (MD) SF36 general health score -5.23, 95% CI -6.83 to -3.62; I(2) = 0%). All four studies reported significant improvements in GORD-specific QOL after surgery compared to medical therapy although data were not combined. There is evidence to suggest that symptoms of heartburn, reflux and bloating are improved after surgery compared to medical therapy, but a small proportion of participants have persistent postoperative dysphagia. Overall rates of postoperative complications were low but surgery is not without risk and postoperative adverse events occurred although they were uncommon. The costs of surgery are considerably higher than the cost of medical management although data are based on the first year of treatment therefore the cost and side effects associated with long-term treatment of chronic GORD need to be considered.
There is evidence that laparoscopic fundoplication surgery is more effective than medical management for the treatment of GORD at least in the short to medium term. Surgery does carry some risk and whether the benefits of surgery are sustained in the long term remains uncertain. Treatment decisions for GORD should be based on patient and surgeon preference.
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ABSTRACT: The Rome III criteria classify patients with a positive relationship between symptoms and reflux episodes but a physiological oesophageal acid exposure time as having gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) with an acid hypersensitive oesophagus. The long-term outcome of antireflux surgery in these patients was investigated. Outcomes of Nissen fundoplication in 28 patients with GORD refractory to proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and oesophageal acid hypersensitivity (group 1) were compared with those of 126 patients with pathological acid exposure (group 2). Fundoplication had a similar effect in both groups. Three months after surgery, total acid exposure time and the prevalence of oesophagitis had decreased, whereas mean lower oesophageal pressure had increased. The percentage of patients using PPIs was reduced from 83 to 4 per cent in group 1 and from 86.1 to 7.4 per cent in group 2 (both P < 0.001). Quality of life measured on a scale from 0 to 100 improved from 52 to 69 (P = 0.009) and 64 (P < 0.001) respectively. The percentage of patients with resolved or improved symptoms at 5 years was similar. Patients with oesophageal acid hypersensitivity benefit from Nissen fundoplication as much as those with pathological acid exposure.British Journal of Surgery 09/2009; 96(9):1023-30. DOI:10.1002/bjs.6684 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare 10 years outcome of a multicenter randomized controlled trial on laparoscopic (LNF) and conventional Nissen fundoplication (CNF), with focus on effectiveness and reoperation rate. LNF has replaced CNF as surgical treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Decisions are based on equal short-term effectiveness and reduced morbidity, but confirmation by long-term level 1 evidence is lacking. From 1997 to 1999, 177 proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory GERD patients were randomized to undergo LNF or CNF. The 10 years results of surgery on reflux symptoms, general health, PPI use, and reoperation rates, are described. High-resolution manometry, 24-hour pH-impedance monitoring and barium swallow were performed in symptomatic patients only. A total of 148 patients (79 LNF, 69 CNF) participated in this 10-year follow-up study. GERD symptoms were relieved in 92.4% and 90.7% (NS) after LNF and CNF, respectively. Severity of heartburn and dysphagia were similar, but slightly more patients had relief of regurgitation after LNF (98.7% vs. 91.0%; P = 0.030). The percentage of patients using PPIs slowly increased with time in both groups to 26.6% for LNF and 22.4% for CNF (NS). General health (74.7% vs. 72.7%; NS) and quality of life (visual analogue scale score: 65.3 vs. 61.4; NS) improved similarly in both groups. The percentage of patients who would have opted for surgery again was similar as well (78.5% vs. 72.7%; NS). Twice as many patients underwent reoperation after CNF compared with LNF (12 [15.2%] vs. 24 [34.8%]; P = 0.006), including a higher number of incisional hernia corrections (2 vs. 9; P = 0.015). Mean interval between operation and reintervention was longer after CNF (22.9 vs. 50.6 months; P = 0.047). Of the patients who were dependent on daily PPI therapy at 10 years (LNF 10, CNF 10), 7 patients (LNF 3, CNF 4) had recurrent GERD on pH-impedance monitoring, 5 of them with some form of anatomic recurrence. A total of 13 of 20 (65.0%) patients did not have recurrent GERD. Fourteen patients had an abnormal high-resolution manometry. CNF carries a higher risk for surgical reintervention compared with LNF, mainly due to incisional hernia corrections. The 10-year effectiveness of LNF and CNF is comparable in terms of improvement of GERD symptoms, PPI use, quality of life, and objective reflux control. Consequently, the long-term results from this trial lend level 1 support to the use of LNF as the surgical procedure of choice for GERD.Annals of surgery 10/2009; 250(5):698-706. DOI:10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181bcdaa7 · 7.19 Impact Factor
- Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 08/2010; 3(3):187. DOI:10.1111/j.1756-5391.2010.01095.x