Svp26 facilitates endoplasmic reticulum to golgi transport of a set of mannosyltransferases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
ABSTRACT Svp26 is a polytopic integral membrane protein found in the ER and early Golgi compartment. In the Deltasvp26 cell, the Golgi mannosyltransferase Ktr3 remains in the ER. Here, we report that two other Golgi mannosyltransferases, Mnn2 and Mnn5 are also mislocalized and found in the ER in the absence of Svp26 and that localization of other mannosyltransferases including Mnn1 are not affected. Mnn2 and Mnn5 bind to Svp26 in vivo as Ktr3 does. Using an in vitro budding assay, the incorporation of Ktr3 and Mnn2 in the COPII vesicles is greatly stimulated by the presence of Svp26. As Svp26 itself is an efficient cargo, Svp26 is likely to support selective incorporation of a set of mannosyltransferases into COPII vesicles by working as their adaptor protein. The domain switching between Svp26-dependent Mnn2 or Ktr3 and Svp26-independent Mnn1 suggests that the lumenal domain of mannosyltransferases, but not the cytoplasmic or transmembrane domain, is responsible for recognition by Svp26.
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ABSTRACT: The Svp26 protein of S. cerevisiae is an ER- and Golgi-localized integral membrane protein with 4 potential membrane-spanning domains. It functions as an adaptor protein that facilitates the ER exit of Ktr3, a mannosyltransferase required for biosynthesis of O-linked oligosaccharides, and the ER exit of Mnn2 and Mnn5, mannosyltransferases, which participate in the biosynthesis of N-linked oligosaccharides. Ktr3 belongs to the Kre2 family, which consists of 9 members of type-II membrane proteins sharing sequence similarities. In this report, we examined all Kre2 family members and found that the Golgi localizations of two others, Kre2 and Ktr1, were dependent on Svp26 by immunofluorescence microscopy and cell fractionations in sucrose density gradients. We show that Svp26 functions in facilitating the ER exit of Kre2 and Ktr1 by an in vitro COPII budding assay. Golgi localization of Ktr4 was not dependent on Svp26. Screening null mutants of the genes encoding abundant COPII membrane proteins for those showing mislocalization of Ktr4 in the ER revealed that Erv41 and Erv46 are required for the correct Golgi localization of Ktr4. We provide biochemical evidence that the Erv41-Erv46 complex functions as an adaptor protein for ER exit of Ktr4. This is the first demonstration of the molecular function of this evolutionally conserved protein complex. The domain switching experiments show that the lumenal domain of Ktr4 is responsible for recognition by the Erv41-Erv46 complex. Thus, ER exit of Kre2-family proteins is dependent on distinct adaptor proteins and our results provide new insights into the traffic of Kre2-family mannosyltransferases.02/2014; 3(3). DOI:10.1242/bio.20146312
- Journal of Cell Science 01/2011; 124(Pt 1):1-4. DOI:10.1242/jcs.069773 · 5.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the site of synthesis of secreted and membrane proteins. To exit the ER, proteins are packaged into COPII vesicles through direct interaction with the COPII coat or aided by specific cargo receptors. Despite the fundamental role of such cargo receptors in protein traffic, only a few have been identified; their cargo spectrum is unknown and the signals they recognize remain poorly understood. We present here an approach we term "PAIRS" (pairing analysis of cargo receptors), which combines systematic genetic manipulations of yeast with automated microscopy screening, to map the spectrum of cargo for a known receptor or to uncover a novel receptor for a particular cargo. Using PAIRS we followed the fate of ∼150 cargos on the background of mutations in nine putative cargo receptors and identified novel cargo for most of these receptors. Deletion of the Erv14 cargo receptor affected the widest range of cargo. Erv14 substrates have a wide array of functions and structures; however, they are all membrane-spanning proteins of the late secretory pathway or plasma membrane. Proteins residing in these organelles have longer transmembrane domains (TMDs). Detailed examination of one cargo supported the hypothesis that Erv14 dependency reflects the length rather than the sequence of the TMD. The PAIRS approach allowed us to uncover new cargo for known cargo receptors and to obtain an unbiased look at specificity in cargo selection. Obtaining the spectrum of cargo for a cargo receptor allows a novel perspective on its mode of action. The rules that appear to guide Erv14 substrate recognition suggest that sorting of membrane proteins at multiple points in the secretory pathway could depend on the physical properties of TMDs. Such a mechanism would allow diverse proteins to utilize a few receptors without the constraints of evolving location-specific sorting motifs.PLoS Biology 05/2012; 10(5):e1001329. DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001329 · 11.77 Impact Factor