General public health considerations for responding to animal hoarding cases

Alaska Division of Public Health, Anchorage, AK 99503, USA.
Journal of environmental health (Impact Factor: 0.96). 03/2010; 72(7):14-8; quiz 32.
Source: PubMed


Animal hoarding is an under-recognized problem that exists in most communities and adversely impacts the health, welfare, and safety of humans, animals, and the environment. These guidelines address public health and worker safety concerns in handling situations where animal hoarding or other dense concentrations of animals have caused unhealthy and unsafe conditions. Because animal hoarding situations are often complex, a full response is likely to be prolonged and require a cross-jurisdictional multiagency effort. Each animal hoarding case has unique circumstances related to the types and numbers of animals involved, the physical structure(s) where they are being kept, and the health status of the animals, among other factors that must be taken into account in planning a response. Some general public health considerations and associated recommendations for personal protective equipment use are presented that apply to all cases, however.

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    • "Police and animal welfare visits and handling, veterinary care and euthanasia, animal shelter costs, litigation and clean-up can easily become very costly, and the subject is often not able to pay (Patronek 2008). Thus, animal hoarding is a complex human/animal public health problem (Castrodale et al. 2010), a social problem and a housing problem. However, it is somewhat striking that none of the studies reviewed above is concerned with the immanent construction of hoarders as pathological, as deviant. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article addresses how professional animal welfare inspectors and police officers produce knowledge about animal hoarding, and how they detect disconcern and come to conclusions about how to act. The specific aim is to contribute to a sociological understanding of the phenomenon of urban animal hoarding assessment by deploying the framework of “sensuous governance”. I will do so by focusing on the ways in which authorities use and record their senses of the emplaced situation – their visual, olfactory and auditory impressions – in order to make a judgement. The more general contribution concerns how the dimension of species adds to the long-lasting sociological interest in sensing as a mode of knowing about our environment. Using interview data along with animal welfare protocols from a Swedish study of human/animal relations in the city, the intersection of species, spaces and senses is put in focus.
    Housing Theory and Society 10/2014; 31(4). DOI:10.1080/14036096.2014.928650
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    ABSTRACT: Compulsive hoarding is a debilitating disorder that is only recently becoming understood. Hoarding has been studied primarily in the general population, with only a few researchers focusing on hoarding in older adults, even though the prevalence and severity of the disorder appears to increase with aging. Hoarding seriously affects the quality of one's life and can also cause safety and health problems for individuals and the community. Established treatments for hoarding are relatively new and often need to be extended over a long period of time. Nurses can play an important role in helping identify the problem of hoarding in older adults, determining the types of safety and health hazards that need to be addressed, and contacting the appropriate community agencies.
    Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services 03/2012; 50(3):17-21. DOI:10.3928/02793695-20120208-02 · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The current study describes isolation of Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) from a juvenile male cat that died after being rescued from an animal hoarding incident. Grossly, there was evidence of pneumonia and renal abscessation. Histologically, there was diffuse interstitial pneumonia with necrosis and necrotizing and suppurative nephritis with colonies of coccobacilli. Within the lung, kidney, and mesentery there was necrotizing and suppurative vasculitis with thrombosis and coccobacilli. E. coli strain belonging to serotype O6:H1 that carried many of the virulence genes associated with ExPEC was isolated from the lung and kidney. The cat was part of a community of approximately 60 cats that lived in a house in a residential neighborhood, in which multiple cats had died. The case was of major significance to public health, as first responders, animal health professionals, and other community members were likely exposed to ExPEC, which is known to have zoonotic potential. It is important that pet owners, animal health and public health professionals, and first responders be made aware of the potential for zoonotic diseases.
    Veterinary Microbiology 08/2013; 167(3-4). DOI:10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.08.015 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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