An optical group catalog to z = 1 from the zCOSMOS 10 k sample

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 5.99). 06/2009; 697(2). DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1842
Source: arXiv


We present a galaxy group catalog spanning the redshift range 0.1 lsim z lsim 1 in the ~ 1.7 deg2 COSMOS field, based on the first ~10,000 zCOSMOS spectra. The performance of both the Friends-of-Friends (FOF) and Voronoi-Delaunay method (VDM) approaches to group identification has been extensively explored and compared using realistic mock catalogs. We find that the performance improves substantially if groups are found by progressively optimizing the group-finding parameters for successively smaller groups, and that the highest fidelity catalog, in terms of completeness and purity, is obtained by combining the independently created FOF and VDM catalogs. The final completeness and purity of this catalog, both in terms of the groups and of individual members, compares favorably with recent results in the literature. The current group catalog contains 102 groups with N >= 5 spectroscopically confirmed members, with a further ~700 groups with 2

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Available from: Bianca Garilli, Oct 04, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We present spectroscopic redshifts of a large sample of galaxies with I_(AB) < 22.5 in the COSMOS field, measured from spectra of 10,644 objects that have been obtained in the first two years of observations in the zCOSMOS-bright redshift survey. These include a statistically complete subset of 10,109 objects. The average accuracy of individual redshifts is 110 km s^(–1), independent of redshift. The reliability of individual redshifts is described by a Confidence Class that has been empirically calibrated through repeat spectroscopic observations of over 600 galaxies. There is very good agreement between spectroscopic and photometric redshifts for the most secure Confidence Classes. For the less secure Confidence Classes, there is a good correspondence between the fraction of objects with a consistent photometric redshift and the spectroscopic repeatability, suggesting that the photometric redshifts can be used to indicate which of the less secure spectroscopic redshifts are likely right and which are probably wrong, and to give an indication of the nature of objects for which we failed to determine a redshift. Using this approach, we can construct a spectroscopic sample that is 99% reliable and which is 88% complete in the sample as a whole, and 95% complete in the redshift range 0.5 < z < 0.8. The luminosity and mass completeness levels of the zCOSMOS-bright sample of galaxies is also discussed.
    The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 10/2009; 523(2). DOI:10.1088/0067-0049/184/2/218 · 11.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We study the impact of the environment on the evolution of galaxies in the zCOSMOS 10k sample in the redshift range 0.1<z<1.0 over an area of ~1.5 deg2. The considered sample of secure spectroscopic redshifts contains about 8500 galaxies, with their stellar masses estimated by SED fitting of the multiwavelength optical to NIR photometry. The evolution of the galaxy stellar mass function (GSMF) in high and low density regions provides a tool to study the mass assembly evolution in different environments; moreover, the contributions to the GSMF from different galaxy types, as defined by their SEDs and their morphologies, can be quantified. At redshift z~1, the GSMF is only slightly dependent on environment, but at lower redshifts the shapes of the GSMFs in high- and low-density environments become extremely different, with high density regions exhibiting a marked bimodality. As a result, we infer that galaxy evolution depends on both the stellar mass and the environment, the latter setting the probability of a galaxy to have a given mass: all the galaxy properties related to the stellar mass show a dependence on environment, reflecting the difference observed in the mass functions. The shapes of the GSMFs of early- and late-type galaxies are almost identical for the extremes of the density contrast we consider. The evolution toward z=0 of the mass at which the early- and late-type GSMFs match each other is more rapid in high density environments. The comparison of the observed GSMFs to the same quantities derived from a set of mock catalogues shows that blue galaxies in sparse environments are overproduced in the semi-analytical models at intermediate and high masses, because of a deficit of star formation suppression, while at z<0.5 an excess of red galaxies is present in dense environments at intermediate and low masses, because of the overquenching of satellites. ABRIDGED Comment: 17 pages, 11 figures. Version accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics, including referee's suggestions, a new section with comparison with literature data, and updated references
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 06/2009; 524(3). DOI:10.1051/0004-6361/200912801 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: [abridged] We present VLT/FORS1 spectroscopic follow-up observations and HST/WFPC2 imaging of the system COSMOS 5921+0638, which exhibits quadruply lensed images and a perfect Einstein ring. We investigate the nature of COSMOS 5921+0638 by studying its photometric, spectroscopic and physical properties. We completed both an environmental analysis and detailed analytical and grid-based mass modeling of the system. We measured the redshifts of the lensing galaxy in COSMOS 5921+0638 (z_l=0.551+/-0.001) and 9 additional galaxies in the field (5 of them at z~0.35). The redshift of the lensed source was inferred by identifying a candidate Lya line at z_s=3.14+/-0.05. The mass modeling reveals the requirement of a small external shear (gamma=0.038), which is slightly larger than the lensing contribution expected by galaxy groups along the line-of-sight (kappa_groups~0.01 and gamma_groups~0.005). The estimated time-delays between the different images are of the order of hours to half a week and the total magnification of the background source is mu~150. The measured mass-to-light ratio of the lensing galaxy within the Einstein ring is M/L_B~8.5+/-1.6. Our analysis indicates that the ring and point-like structures in COSMOS 5921+0638 consist of a lensed high redshift galaxy hosting a low luminosity AGN (LLAGN). Flux ratio anomalies observed in the lensed AGN images are probably due to microlensing by stars in the lensing galaxy and/or a combination of static phenomena. Because of its short time-delays and the possibility of microlensing, COSMOS 5921+0638 is a promising laboratory for future studies of LLAGNs. Comment: 12 pages, 12 figures. Updated to match A&A published version
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 07/2009; 507(1). DOI:10.1051/0004-6361/200912091 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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