An optical group catalog to z = 1 from the zCOSMOS 10 k sample

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 6.73). 01/2009; DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1842
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present a galaxy group catalog spanning the redshift range 0.1 lsim z lsim 1 in the ~ 1.7 deg2 COSMOS field, based on the first ~10,000 zCOSMOS spectra. The performance of both the Friends-of-Friends (FOF) and Voronoi-Delaunay method (VDM) approaches to group identification has been extensively explored and compared using realistic mock catalogs. We find that the performance improves substantially if groups are found by progressively optimizing the group-finding parameters for successively smaller groups, and that the highest fidelity catalog, in terms of completeness and purity, is obtained by combining the independently created FOF and VDM catalogs. The final completeness and purity of this catalog, both in terms of the groups and of individual members, compares favorably with recent results in the literature. The current group catalog contains 102 groups with N >= 5 spectroscopically confirmed members, with a further ~700 groups with 2

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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the properties and the environment of radio sources with optical counterpart from the combined VLA-COSMOS and zCOSMOS samples. The advantage of this sample is the availability of optical spectroscopic information, high quality redshifts, and accurate density determination. By comparing the star formation rates estimated from the optical spectral energy distribution with those based on the radio luminosity, we divide the radio sources in three families, passive AGN, non-passive AGN and star forming galaxies. These families occupy specific regions of the 8.0-4.5 $\mu$m infrared color--specific star formation plane, from which we extract the corresponding control samples. Only the passive AGN have a significantly different environment distribution from their control sample. The fraction of radio-loud passive AGN increases from ~2% in underdense regions to ~15% for overdensities (1+delta) greater than 10. This trend is also present as a function of richness of the groups hosting the radio sources. Passive AGN in overdensities tend to have higher radio luminosities than those in lower density environments. Since the black hole mass distribution is similar in both environments, we speculate that, for low radio luminosities, the radio emission is controlled (through fuel disponibility or confinement of radio jet by local gas pressure) by the interstellar medium of the host galaxy, while in other cases it is determined by the structure (group or cluster) in which the galaxy resides. Comment: 17 pages, 17 figures, A&A in press 11/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: [abridged] We present VLT/FORS1 spectroscopic follow-up observations and HST/WFPC2 imaging of the system COSMOS 5921+0638, which exhibits quadruply lensed images and a perfect Einstein ring. We investigate the nature of COSMOS 5921+0638 by studying its photometric, spectroscopic and physical properties. We completed both an environmental analysis and detailed analytical and grid-based mass modeling of the system. We measured the redshifts of the lensing galaxy in COSMOS 5921+0638 (z_l=0.551+/-0.001) and 9 additional galaxies in the field (5 of them at z~0.35). The redshift of the lensed source was inferred by identifying a candidate Lya line at z_s=3.14+/-0.05. The mass modeling reveals the requirement of a small external shear (gamma=0.038), which is slightly larger than the lensing contribution expected by galaxy groups along the line-of-sight (kappa_groups~0.01 and gamma_groups~0.005). The estimated time-delays between the different images are of the order of hours to half a week and the total magnification of the background source is mu~150. The measured mass-to-light ratio of the lensing galaxy within the Einstein ring is M/L_B~8.5+/-1.6. Our analysis indicates that the ring and point-like structures in COSMOS 5921+0638 consist of a lensed high redshift galaxy hosting a low luminosity AGN (LLAGN). Flux ratio anomalies observed in the lensed AGN images are probably due to microlensing by stars in the lensing galaxy and/or a combination of static phenomena. Because of its short time-delays and the possibility of microlensing, COSMOS 5921+0638 is a promising laboratory for future studies of LLAGNs. Comment: 12 pages, 12 figures. Updated to match A&A published version
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 07/2009; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the (large-scale) bar fraction in a mass-complete sample of M > 10^(10.5) M_⊙ disc galaxies at 0.2 < z < 0.6 in the Cosmological Evolution Survey (COSMOS) field. The fraction of barred discs strongly depends on mass, disc morphology and specific star formation rate (SSFR). At intermediate stellar mass (10^(10.5) < M < 10^(11) M_⊙) the bar fraction in early-type discs is much higher, at all redshifts, by a factor of ~2, than that in late-type discs. This trend is reversed at higher stellar mass (M > 10^(11) M_⊙), where the fraction of bars in early-type discs becomes significantly lower, at all redshifts, than that in late-type discs. The bar fractions for galaxies with low and high SSFRs closely follow those of the morphologically selected early- and late-type populations, respectively. This indicates a close correspondence between morphology and SSFR in disc galaxies at these earlier epochs. Interestingly, the total bar fraction in 10^(10.5) < M < 10^(11) M_⊙ discs is built up by a factor of ~2 over the redshift interval explored, while for M > 10^(11) M_⊙ discs it remains roughly constant. This indicates that, already by z ~ 0.6, spectral and morphological transformations in the most massive disc galaxies have largely converged to the familiar Hubble sequence that we observe in the local Universe, while for intermediate-mass discs this convergence is ongoing until at least z ~ 0.2. Moreover, these results highlight the importance of employing mass-limited samples for quantifying the evolution of barred galaxies. Finally, the evolution of the barred galaxy populations investigated does not depend on the large-scale environmental density (at least, on the scales which can be probed with the available photometric redshifts).
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 01/2010; · 5.52 Impact Factor

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