Conference Paper

On-line restoration for multi-path routing

DOI: 10.1109/DRCN.2005.1563841 Conference: Design of Reliable Communication Networks, 2005. (DRCN 2005). Proceedings.5th International Workshop on
Source: IEEE Xplore


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    ABSTRACT: We motivate and formally define dynamic multipath routing and present the problem of packet forwarding in the multipath routing context. We demonstrate that for multipath sets that are suffix matched, forwarding can be efficiently implemented with (1) a per packet overhead of a small, fixed-length path identifier, and (2) router space overhead linear in K, the number of alternate paths between a source and a destination. We derive multipath forwarding schemes for suffix matched path sets computed by both de-centralized (link-state) and distributed (distance-vector) routing algorithms. We also prove that (1) distributed multipath routing algorithms compute suffix matched multipath sets, and (2) for the criterion of ranked k-shortest paths, decentralized routing algorithms also yield suffix matched multipath sets
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    ABSTRACT: Link-state protocols such as OSPF are the dominant routing technology in today's Internet. Despite their many advantages, these protocols require the flooding of new information across the entire routing area after changes in any link state (e.g., link failures). As the routing area grows or the frequency of link-state changes increases, the overhead (in terms of bandwidth and processing cost) of flooding becomes prohibitive. Furthermore, such flooding over a large area will cause temporary inconsistency of link states among many routers, potentially creating many transient routing loops that can last for a long time. This limits the scalability of the routing protocols to large routing areas. To overcome such problems, we present in this paper a novel algorithm that minimizes the amount of information distributed by link-state routing protocols. Upon a link failure, our algorithm will distribute the link-state changes to the minimum number of routers that are needed to ensure loop-free routing. Moreover, implementing our algorithm requires only a simple extension to any existing link-state protocol
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    ABSTRACT: In MPLS/GMPLS networks, a range of restoration schemes are required to support different tradeoffs between service interruption time and network resource utilization. In light of these tradeoffs, path-based, end-to-end shared restoration provides a very attractive solution. However, efficient use of capacity for shared restoration strongly relies on the selection procedure of restoration paths. We propose an efficient path-selection algorithm for restoration of connections over shared bandwidth in a fully distributed GMPLS architecture. We also describe how to extend GMPLS signaling protocols to collect the necessary information efficiently. To evaluate the algorithm's performance, we compare it via simulation with two other well-known algorithm on a typical intercity backbone network. The key figure-of-merit for restoration capacity efficiency is restoration overbuild, i.e., the extra capacity required to meet the network restoration objective as a percentage of the capacity of the network with no restoration. Our simulation results show that our algorithm uses significantly less restoration overbuild (63-68%) compared to the other two algorithms (83-90%).
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