Sildenafil Increases Uterine Blood Flow in Nonpregnant Nulliparous Women

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA.
Reproductive sciences (Thousand Oaks, Calif.) (Impact Factor: 2.18). 04/2010; 17(4):358-65. DOI: 10.1177/1933719109354648
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study investigated the effect of sildenafil on uterine volumetric blood flow (UVF) and vascular impedance in nonpregnant, nulliparous women. Fifteen women were randomized in a double-blind fashion to receive either placebo or sildenafil (25 or 100 mg) during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Color Doppler ultrasound of both uterine arteries was performed at baseline and at 1 and 3 hours postdosing to calculate resistance index (RI) and UVF. Those who received sildenafil significantly increased UVF and decreased RI over the 3-hour monitoring period. When UVF responses to sildenafil were examined as a function of baseline UVF, a significant increase in UVF was observed in only those participants with higher baseline UVF. Overall, women in the luteal phase demonstrated a significant increase in UVF in response to sildenafil. However, this increase appears to be directly associated with basal UVF.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of the Sildenafil citrate on the blood flow in the uterus of cows during dioestrus. Uterine blood flow was examined in five, healthy, adult cows. Between day 6-8 of the ovarian cycle, each cow received 200mg of sildenafil diluted in 10ml of warm saline into the body of the uterus. Analysis of the blood pressure, ECG and the maximum velocity in m/s (V max) in the aorta was performed and selected parameters of the blood flow (PI, pulsatile index; RI, resistance index; SPV, systolic peak velocity; EDV, end diastolic velocity; FVI, flow velocity integral; SV/DV, systolic peak velocity: end-diastolic velocity ratio) were measured in the uterine artery (Arteria uterine) before and after sildenafil infusion. In addition, Color Doppler examination of the uterine wall perfusion was analyzed. A significant decrease of values of PI and SV/DV ratio as well as an increase of end diastolic velocity and time averaged maximum velocity was noted. With the use of color coded sonography, the increased intensity of the blood flow in the uterine wall was observed. It was concluded that intrauterine administration of sildenafil during dioestrus can increase uterine tissue perfusion.
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