Although Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases predominately affect elderly adults, the proteins that play a role in the pathogenesis of these diseases are expressed throughout life. In fact, many of the proteins hypothesized to be important in the progression of neurodegeneration play direct or indirect roles in the development of the central nervous system. The systems affected by these proteins include neural stem cell fate decisions, neuronal differentiation, cellular migration, protection from oxidative stress, and programmed cell death. Insights into the developmental roles of these proteins may ultimately impact the understanding of neurodegenerative diseases and lead to the discovery of novel treatments.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A biochemical link between certain congenital muscular dystrophies and the associated brain malformation known as cobblestone lissencephaly has been elusive. But it looks as if that link has been found.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Necdin is a protein known to interact with the neurotrophin receptors, neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 1 (TrkA) and 75 kD low-affinity neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR). TrkA and p75NTR play roles in development and disease of the nervous system and chemoresistance of nervous system tumors. Necdin deletion is associated with Prader-Willi syndrome. The present studies demonstrate that the effects of necdin on the susceptibility of neuroblastoma cells to oxidant stress are dependent on the ratio of p75NTR to TrkA in the cell. In low p75NTR:TrkA ratio cells, necdin down-regulation decreases sensitivity to oxidant stress and expression of and signaling through TrkA. In high p75NTR:TrkA cells, necdin down-regulation is without effect. The effects of necdin deletion on the developing nervous system may depend on the relative expression of p75NTR and TrkA in the cells of particular regions of the nervous system.
Pediatric Research 12/2010; 69(4):279-84. DOI:10.1203/PDR.0b013e31820a5773 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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