Article

Effect of body positions on hemodynamics and gas exchange in anesthetized pigs shortly after pneumonectomy.

Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.) (Impact Factor: 2.87). 03/2010; 34(5):482-7. DOI: 10.1097/SHK.0b013e3181dc0812
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Positional changes are thought to affect hemodynamics, respiratory mechanics, and gas exchange after pneumonectomy. The objective of this study was to compare hemodynamic and respiratory parameters and gas exchange in different positions before and after pneumonectomy. Twenty pigs were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated. Seven received right-side pneumonectomy, seven received left-side pneumonectomy, and six were anesthetized but did not receive surgery and served as controls. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters and blood gas values were measured in different positions (supine and right and left lateral decubitus). Minute mechanical ventilation was controlled throughout. Pneumonectomy resulted in significant reductions in MAP, accompanied by significant decreases in cardiac index, stroke volume index, global ejection fraction, and global end-diastolic volume index. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance index increased. PaCO2, airway resistance, and peak airway pressure increased, whereas PaO2 and lung compliance decreased. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters and gas exchange were also significantly affected by changes in position with pneumonectomy. Mean arterial pressure, cardiac index, stroke volume index, global ejection fraction, and global end-diastolic volume index were significantly lower in the supine than in the right or left lateral decubitus position. PaO2 was significantly higher in a lateral position, with the remaining lung uppermost. Our findings suggest that avoiding the supine positioning after pneumonectomy may facilitate improvements in hemodynamics and a decreased risk of hypoxemia. The optimal position for gas exchange after pneumonectomy is a lateral position, with the remaining lung in the uppermost position.

1 Bookmark
 · 
91 Views
  • Urology 01/2011; 78(3). · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thoracotomy is a common procedure. However, thoracotomy leads to lung atelectasis and deteriorates pulmonary gas exchange in operated side. Therefore, different positions with operated side lowermost or uppermost may lead to different gas exchange after thoracotomy. Besides, PEEP (positive end-expiratory pressure) influence lung atelectasis and should influence gas exchange. The purpose of this study was to determine the physiological changes in different positions after thoracotomy. In addition, we also studied the influence of PEEP to positional effects after thoracotomy. There were eight pigs in each group. Group I received left thoracotomy with zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP), and group II with PEEP; group III received right thoracotomy with ZEEP and group IV with PEEP. We changed positions to supine, LLD (left lateral decubitus) and RLD (right lateral decubitus) in random order after thoracotomy. PaO2 was decreased after thoracotomy and higher in RLD after left thoracotomy and in LLD after right thoracotomy. PaO2 in groups II and IV was higher than in groups I and III if with the same position. In group I and III, PaCO2 was increased after thoracotomy and was higher in LLD after left thoracotomy and in RLD after right thoracotomy. In groups II and IV, there were no PaCO2 changes in different positions after thoracotomy. Lung compliance (Crs) was decreased after thoracotomy in groups I and III and highest in RLD after left thoracotomy and in LLD after right thoracotomy. In groups II and IV, there were no changes in Crs regardless of the different positions. There were significant changes with regards to pulmonary gas exchange, hemodynamics and Crs after thoracotomy. The best position was non-operated lung lowermost Applying PEEP attenuates the positional effects.
    Annals of Thoracic Medicine 01/2014; 9(2):112-119. · 1.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes accompanying lung resection have not been well investigated previously in a large controlled series of human adults. Thus, our current investigation was undertaken for a better understanding of the ECG changes associated with lung resection. Medical records of 117 patients who underwent lung resection (segmentectomy, lobectomy, or pneumonectomy) were reviewed. Their clinical course and ECGs were compared during early, intermediate and late postoperative course (<1month, 1month to 1year and >1year post-op respectively). Patients in the acute postoperative phase had higher heart rate, increased maximum P-duration and P-dispersion, increased incidence of atrial arrhythmias and frequent ST-T changes. P-vector and QRS-vector were significantly affected after the lung resections; the correlation being most consistent between the anatomical displacements and the QRS-vector in the majority of patients. The axial shifts also demonstrated a characteristic temporal relationship after left pneumonectomy (a leftward deviation in the acute, normal or slight rightward deviation in the intermediate and a rightward deviation in the late postoperative course). The precordial R/S transition is often affected due to the mediastinal shifts and the ECGs in patients after left lung resection may simulate acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction due to a delayed R/S transition. The understanding and recognition of the expected ECG findings after lung resection are imperative to avoid confusing these changes with other acute cardiopulmonary events which would prevent unnecessary further investigational work-up. These ECG changes are often dynamic and may bear a temporal relationship to the dynamic post-surgical changes in the thoracic anatomy.
    Journal of electrocardiology 07/2013; · 1.08 Impact Factor