Given the federal cost-containment policy to rebalance long-term care away from nursing homes to home- and community-based services, it is the position of the American Dietetic Association, the American Society for Nutrition, and the Society for Nutrition Education that all older adults should have access to food and nutrition programs that ensure the availability of safe, adequate food to promote optimal nutritional status. Appropriate food and nutrition programs include adequately funded food assistance and meal programs, nutrition education, screening, assessment, counseling, therapy, monitoring, evaluation, and outcomes documentation to ensure more healthful aging. The growing number of older adults, the health care focus on prevention, and the global economic situation accentuate the fundamental need for these programs. Yet far too often food and nutrition programs are disregarded or taken for granted. Growing older generally increases nutritional risk. Illnesses and chronic diseases; physical, cognitive, and social challenges; racial, ethnic, and linguistic differences; and low socioeconomic status can further complicate a situation. The beneficial effects of nutrition for health promotion, risk reduction, and disease management need emphasis. Although many older adults are enjoying longer and more healthful lives in their own homes, others, especially those with health disparities and poor nutritional status, would benefit from greater access to food and nutrition programs and services. Food and nutrition practitioners can play a major role in promoting universal access and integrating food and nutrition programs and nutrition services into home- and community-based services.
"Public health nutrition, even in the elderly should emphasize on planning special programs that provide food assistance, nutrition screening and education, nutrition therapy, and care management . Furthermore, according to international dietetic organisations , the promotion of a healthy aging requires rectifies in the lack of nutritional services and increment in the nutritional capacity such as adequate number of staff and infrastructure . Furthermore, nutritional education could be, from the public health practitioners, the way to improve health and quality of life of middle-aged and older populations . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. Islands in the Mediterranean basin share particular habits and traditions and greater life expectancy than other European regions. In this paper, particular interest has been given to the effect of the Mediterranean diet, as well as nutritional services on CVD risk, on Mediterranean islands. Methods. Published results from observational studies were retrieved from electronic databases (Pubmed and Scopus) and summarized. Results. Prevalence of CVD risk factors is increased. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was moderate, even among the elderly participants. Furthermore, the presence of a dietician was associated with higher adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and consequently lowers CVD risk. Conclusion. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is reduced, while the prevalence of CVD risk factors is increasing at alarming rates. Public health nutrition policy has the opportunity to improve the health and quality of life of people living in isolated insular areas of the Mediterranean basin.
Cardiology Research and Practice 11/2010; 2011(5):901651. DOI:10.4061/2011/901651
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the desulfurization of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) gasoline using NiW supported on γ-Al2O3 catalysts prepared by conventional non-dry impregnation (NDI) method and a new one, the equilibrium deposition filtration, (EDF). The latter has been modified (MEDF) to produce the required catalyst quantity for its evaluation in a hydrodesulfurization (HDS) pilot plant. The modification of the typical EDF method showed that it is possible to apply the principles of this technique for practical catalyst preparations. In the first part of this work, the catalyst preparation methodology and the catalyst characterization results are presented. In the second part, the catalyst evaluation is described, in relation to a commercial catalyst, concerning their HDS, hydrogenation (HYG) and isomerization (ISO) activities. The main conclusion of this study was that the MEDF method is more promising than the conventional NDI method for preparing NiW hydrotreatment catalysts. The catalyst prepared by MEDF exhibited higher HDS activity than that of the NDI one, comparable to that of a commercial CoMo catalyst and the highest HYG and ISO activities. The enhanced catalytic activity of the NiW–MEDF catalyst was attributed to the high dispersity of the supported phases achieved by the corresponding preparation method.
Applied Catalysis A General 02/2001; 209(1):85-95. DOI:10.1016/S0926-860X(00)00748-1 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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