Distributive justice and the control of global warming
ABSTRACT Book description: The essays in this study contribute to an analysis of the prospects for the world's economy in the face of environmental constraints. The contributors examine the implications of development in both northern and southern hemispheres, and the extreme differences between rich and poor nations in the distribution of income, resource use and consumption. Using extensive case studies from WIDER-sponsored research, the text explores the limits and consequences of further development.
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ABSTRACT: Economic development in Southeast Asia has been associated with environmental degradation. Its cause is mainly attributed to rapid industrialization, coupled with urbanization and export growth, whereas the vicious circle of the poverty and the contamination is a minor case. The environmental damage in those countries will be partly reduced along with the rising income level, as the hypothesis of the "Environmental Kuznets Curves" argues. However, some of the major problems, CO2 emissions for example, would not be solved automatically on the basis of the market mechanism. The governments have indeed tried to prevent contamination, drawing lessons from experiences in the industrialized countries, but their continued efforts are indispensable for the well-being of the people.International Journal of Social Economics 01/1999; 28(CIRJE-F-61). DOI:10.1108/EUM0000000005540
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ABSTRACT: Sustainable development requires that the goals of economic development, environmental protection and social justice are considered collectively when formulating development strategies. In the context of planning sustainable transport systems, trade-offs between the economy and the environment, and between the economy and social justice have received considerable attention. In contrast, much less attention has been paid to environmental equity, the trade-off between environmental and social justice goals, a significant omission given the growing attention to environmental justice by policy makers in the EU and elsewhere. In many countries, considerable effort has been made to develop clean transport systems by using, for example, technical, economic and planning instruments. However, little effort has been made to understand the distributive and environmental justice implications of these measures. This paper investigates the relationship between urban air quality (as NO2) and social deprivation for the city of Leeds, UK. Through application of a series of linked dynamic models of traffic simulation and assignment, vehicle emission, and pollutant dispersion, the environmental equity implications of a series of urban transport strategies, including road user cordon and distance-based charging, road network development, and emission control are assessed. Results indicate a significant degree of environmental inequity exists in Leeds. Analysis of the transport strategies indicates that this inequity will be reduced through natural fleet renewal, and, perhaps contrary to expectations, road user charging is also capable of promoting environmental equity. The environmental equity response is, however, sensitive to road pricing scheme design.Journal of Environmental Management 12/2005; 77(3):212-26. DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.04.013 · 3.19 Impact Factor