Article

Therapeutic effects of survivin dominant negative mutant in a mouse model of prostate cancer.

State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Keyuan Road 4, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 2.91). 03/2010; 137(1):19-28. DOI: 10.1007/s00432-010-0855-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Patients with localized prostate cancer can usually achieve initial response to conventional treatment. However, most of them will inevitably progress to advanced disease stage. There is a clear need to develop innovative and effective therapeutics for prostate cancer. Mouse survivin T34A (mS-T34A) is a phosphorylation-defective Thr34 → Ala dominant negative mutant, which represents a potential promising target for cancer gene therapy. This study was designed to determine whether mS-T34A plasmid encapsuled by DOTAP-chol liposome (Lip-mS) has the anti-tumor activity against prostate cancer, if so, to further investigate the possible mechanisms.
In vitro, TRAMP-C1 cells were transfected with Lip-mS and examined for apoptosis by PI staining and flow cytometric analysis. In vivo, subcutaneous prostate cancer models were established in C57BL/6 mice, which were randomly assigned into three groups to receive i.v. administrations of Lip-mS, pVITRO2-null plasmid complexed with DOTAP-chol liposome (Lip-null) or normal saline every 2 days for eight doses. Tumor volume was measured. Tumor tissues were inspected for apoptosis by TUNEL assay. Microvessel density (MVD) was determined by CD31 immunohistochemistry. Alginate-encapsulated tumor cell test was conducted to evaluate the treatment effect on angiogenesis.
Administration of Lip-mS resulted in significant inhibition in the growth of mouse TRAMP-C1 tumors. The anti-tumor response was associated with increased tumor cell apoptosis and decreased microvessel density.
The present study may be of importance in the exploration of the potential application of Lip-mS in the treatment of a broad spectrum of tumors.

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