Echocardiographic and three-dimensional computed tomographic diagnosis of crossed pulmonary arteries: report of three cases.
ABSTRACT Crossed pulmonary arteries are rare anomalies of the pulmonary trunk and its branches. In this anomaly, the ostium of the left pulmonary artery originates superiorly and to the right of the right pulmonary artery. This anomaly is usually associated with other congenital cardiac and extracardiac diseases. We report three neonates with congenital cardiac diseases who had this anomaly, which was detected first by echocardiography and then confirmed by cardiac three-dimensional computed tomography.
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ABSTRACT: Crossed pulmonary arteries are due to an anomalous origin of both pulmonary arteries from the main pulmonary trunk. This anatomy is often associated with other congenital cardiac and extracardiac diseases. We report two neonates with complex congenital heart disease who had this disorder, which was detected during cardiac computed tomography (CT) with three-dimensional reconstruction but not during echocardiography or angiography. The first patient was a 3-day-old male neonate who had tachypnea and feeding problems since birth. Cardiac CT showed crossed pulmonary arteries, type B interruption of the aortic arch, a ventricular septal defect, and a large patent ductus arteriosus. He received an emergency T-colostomy at 3 days of age because of severe bowel distention. Low-type imperforated anus was diagnosed. His postoperative course was complicated with fluctuated saturation, seizure, hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and sepsis. Also found were cardiac defects, abnormal facies, thymic hypoplasia, cleft palate, hypocalcemia, and a variable deletion on chromosome 22q11 (CATCH 22 disorder). Because of his poor prognosis, the patient was transferred to another hospital on day 16 for further care, at the family's request. The other patient was a 5-day-old female neonate who had a heart murmur since birth. Cardiac CT showed crossed pulmonary arteries, truncus arteriosus, type A interruption of the aortic arch, a ventricular septal defect, an atrial septal defect, and a large patent ductus arteriosus. She received complete surgical correction, including division of the patent ductus arteriosus and repair of the other defects. Intermittent respiratory distress and decreased blood pressure complicated her postoperative course, and she died on the eighth day after surgery. Crossed pulmonary arteries complicated accurate interpretation of two-dimensional echocardiographs of the great vessels, as well as the course and location of catheters during cardiac catheterization. Three-dimensional CT provided a noninvasive approach to clearly recognize these malformations and the related anatomic structures. This information is important in planning and performing surgery in neonates with crossed pulmonary arteries.Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 04/2008; 107(3):265-9. · 1.00 Impact Factor
- American Heart Journal - AMER HEART J. 01/1966; 71(6):807-812.
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ABSTRACT: The branch of the right pulmonary artery (RPA) to the upper lobe of the right lung (RUL), the truncus anterior of the RPA, and the pars anterior of the left pulmonary artery, which supplies the left upper lung lobe (LUL), were demonstrated by both dissection of postmortem specimens and angiography for 20 infants and children, by angiography only for 57, and by specimen dissection only for 59 (total 136). In posteroanterior angiograms, the RUL artery branches from the RPA near the right lateral border of the vertebral column, while the LUL artery or arteries arise more laterally, near the left midclavicular plane. This pattern is reversed in situs inversus (eight patients studied). Thirty-nine patients in other categories of congenital cardiovascular disease showed an abnormal RUL or LUL arterial pattern, including pulmonary isomerism, right lung type (RUL artery pattern present bilaterally, 12 patients); pulmonary isomerism, left lung type (RUL artery pattern absent bilaterally, 11 patients); scimitar syndrome (RUL artery pattern normal, 1 patient; absent bilaterally, 4 patients); and left pulmonary artery sling (RUL artery normal, one; hypoplastic, one; absent, two patients). Five patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with right aortic arch (RAA) and 1 of 15 with RAA not TOF or situs inversus showed a relatively large RUL artery arising more laterally than usual. Three of six patients with double outlet right ventricle had the LUL artery larger than usual plus two accessory RUL arteries, and one patient with crossed pulmonary arteries showed a similar pattern. Two patients with single ventricle had an RUL artery of normal pattern although the RUL bronchus was absent, and one patient with single ventricle and situs inversus had a comparable pattern in the left lung. The ease of demonstration of the right and left upper lobe branches of the pulmonary artery by dissection or angiocardiography warrants greater attention to their patterns in patients with congenital cardiovascular disease. Dissociation of upper lobe bronchial and vascular patterns is unusual and may also be of diagnostic value.Pediatric pathology / affiliated with the International Paediatric Pathology Association 01/1993; 13(2):213-23.