African Americans exhibit a predominant allele in the midst of extensive KIR2DL1 allelic diversity

Georgetown University, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
Tissue Antigens (Impact Factor: 2.14). 03/2010; 76(1):31-4. DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2010.01460.x
Source: PubMed


KIR2DL1 alleles were identified by DNA sequencing of the coding region from amplified genomic DNA from 100 random African Americans. The majority of individuals (97%) carried a KIR2DL1 locus. Allele KIR2DL1*00302 was found in 68% of individuals but KIR2DL1*00401, *002, *00303, *006, and *007 were also frequent. Eleven new alleles were described: KIR2DL1*00403, *01101, *01102, *012, *013N, *014, *015, *016, *017, *018, and *019. Nine of the novel alleles encoded amino acid substitutions located throughout the receptor; one allele carried a stop codon in the exon encoding the first extracellular domain.

Download full-text


Available from: Bo Jiang, Oct 21, 2015
14 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: KIR3DL1 and KIR3DS1 allele frequencies were determined by DNA sequencing of the complete coding regions from 100 random unrelated African Americans. Alleles 3DL1*01501 (29 individuals) and 3DL1*01502 (23 individuals) were most frequently observed in addition to 21 other known alleles and 7 new alleles: KIR3DL1*01503, *03102, *064, *065, *066, *067, and *068. Two of the new alleles (KIR3DL1*064, *065) created additional variants of the chimeric KIR3DL1/KIR3DL2 gene. KIR3DS1*01301 (94% of the gene positive individuals) and KIR3DS1*049N (11%) were identified in the 18 individuals carrying this gene. Three individuals appeared to carry a killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor haplotype with KIR3DL1/S1 duplication. The profile of alleles resembles that found in African populations but also shows signs of admixture.
    Tissue Antigens 03/2010; 76(1):64-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1399-0039.2010.01468.x · 2.14 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The frequencies of alleles of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes, KIR3DL3 and KIR3DL2, and the carrier frequency of KIR2DL4 alleles have been determined from a population of African Americans (n = 100) by DNA sequencing of the coding regions. Fifty alleles of KIR3DL3 were observed with the most frequent, KIR3DL3*00901 (13%). KIR3DL2 was also diverse; 32 alleles with KIR3DL2*00103 the most frequent (17%). For KIR2DL4, of the 18 alleles observed, one allele, KIR2DL4*00103, was found in 64 of the 100 individuals. Thirty-six novel alleles encoding a total of 28 unique receptors are described. Pairwise comparisons among all of the alleles at each locus suggest a predominance of synonymous substitutions. The variation at all three framework loci fits a neutral model of evolution.
    Immunogenetics 05/2011; 63(9):549-59. DOI:10.1007/s00251-011-0536-6 · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: DNA sequencing is a powerful technique for identifying allelic variation within the natural killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes. Because of the relatively large size of the KIR genes, each locus is amplified in two or more overlapping segments. Sanger sequencing of each gene from a preparation containing one or two alleles yields a sequence that is used to identify the alleles by comparison with a reference database.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 06/2012; 882:431-68. DOI:10.1007/978-1-61779-842-9_25 · 1.29 Impact Factor
Show more