The psychometric property and validation of a fatalism scale.

Speech Communication, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.
Psychology & Health (Impact Factor: 1.95). 06/2009; 24(5):597-613. DOI: 10.1080/08870440801902535
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In this article, we conceptualised fatalism as a set of health beliefs that encompass the dimensions of predetermination, luck and pessimism. A 20-item scale was developed as a measurement instrument. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to test the dimensionality of the scale. Three external variables (i.e. genetic determinism, perceived benefits of lifestyle change and intention to engage in healthy behaviour) were used as reference variables to test the construct validity of the scale. Data from a web-based national survey (N = 1218) showed that the scale was unidimensional on the second order, and with good reliability (alpha = 0.88). The relationships between the external variables and the first- and second-order factors provided evidence of the scale's external consistency and construct validity.

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    ABSTRACT: Fatalism has been shown to predict several health behaviors, but researchers often find inconsistent results for the same behaviors across studies. This may be partially attributable to the diversity of fatalism measures that have been used in previous studies. A review of the literature revealed 51 different scales, all purported to measure fatalism, but often with heterogeneous content (Esparza 2005). A study done by Esparza (2005) retrieved 29 scales, including the most frequently used scales, and performed an exploratory factor analysis, obtaining as a result five factors: fatalism, helplessness, internality, luck, and divine control. The purpose of this study was to develop a multidimensional fatalism scale based on the previous findings by Esparza (2005). This scale was developed simultaneously in English and Spanish in order to linguistically “decenter” item content. The factor structure was cross-validated and measurement invariance was assessed across language versions. According to the measurement invariance analysis, this test is invariant across English and Spanish in its factor structure, loadings, variances, and covariances. This study result
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