Tubulin chaperone E binds microtubules and proteasomes and protects against misfolded protein stress.
ABSTRACT Mutation of tubulin chaperone E (TBCE) underlies hypoparathyroidism, retardation, and dysmorphism (HRD) syndrome with defective microtubule (MT) cytoskeleton. TBCE/yeast Pac2 comprises CAP-Gly, LRR (leucine-rich region), and UbL (ubiquitin-like) domains. TBCE folds alpha-tubulin and promotes alpha/beta dimerization. We show that Pac2 functions in MT dynamics: the CAP-Gly domain binds alpha-tubulin and MTs, and functions in suppression of benomyl sensitivity of pac2Delta mutants. Pac2 binds proteasomes: the LRR binds Rpn1, and the UbL binds Rpn10; the latter interaction mediates Pac2 turnover. The UbL also binds the Skp1-Cdc53-F-box (SCF) ubiquitin ligase complex; these competing interactions for the UbL may impact on MT dynamics. pac2Delta mutants are sensitive to misfolded protein stress. This is suppressed by ectopic PAC2 with both the CAP-Gly and UbL domains being essential. We propose a novel role for Pac2 in the misfolded protein stress response based on its ability to interact with both the MT cytoskeleton and the proteasomes.
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ABSTRACT: Tubulin cofactors (TBCs) participate in the folding, dimerization, and dissociation pathways of the tubulin dimer. Among them, TBCB and TBCE are two CAP-Gly domain-containing proteins that together efficiently interact with and dissociate the tubulin dimer. In the study reported here we showed that TBCB localizes at spindle and midzone microtubules during mitosis. Furthermore, the motif DEI/M-COO(-) present in TBCB, which is similar to the EEY/F-COO(-) element characteristic of EB proteins, CLIP-170, and α-tubulin, is required for TBCE-TBCB heterodimer formation and thus for tubulin dimer dissociation. This motif is responsible for TBCB autoinhibition, and our analysis suggests that TBCB is a monomer in solution. Mutants of TBCB lacking this motif are derepressed and induce microtubule depolymerization through an interaction with EB1 associated with microtubule tips. TBCB is also able to bind to the chaperonin complex CCT containing α-tubulin, suggesting that it could escort tubulin to facilitate its folding and dimerization, recycling or degradation.Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 09/2012; · 6.57 Impact Factor