An Autopsy Case of Sudden Unexplained Death Caused by Malaria*

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India.
Journal of Forensic Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.31). 02/2010; 55(3):835-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01328.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sudden unexplained deaths, especially those unwitnessed can lead to forensic issues and would necessitate the need for a meticulous and complete postmortem examination including ancillary investigations to discover the cause of death. We herein report a case of sudden unexplained death caused by malaria in an apparently healthy individual. This fatal case is presented to remind the forensic pathologist of the possibility of malaria as a cause of sudden unexplained death in malaria-endemic regions. In the present case, histopathological examination demonstrated the presence of parasitized red blood cells with malarial pigment in the blood capillaries in the brain, myocardium, pericardium, lungs, kidneys, liver, and the spleen. Cerebral malaria with acute renal insufficiency or pulmonary edema with an acute respiratory distress syndrome might have been the cause of death.

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