Single-session endovascular treatment for symptomatic lower extremity deep vein thrombosis: a feasibility study.
ABSTRACT The risk of complications and discomfort in patients who undergo prolonged infusion of a thrombolytic agent is significant when conventional catheter-directed thrombolysis is used to treat lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
To evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-session endovascular treatment for symptomatic lower extremity DVT.
Single-session endovascular treatment for lower extremity DVT was performed on 29 limbs in 26 patients diagnosed with acute DVT in our institution. Nine patients were male and 17 female, with a mean age of 64 years (range 28-82 years). At 5-10 min after the locoregional injection of the thrombolytic agent (urokinase) via a 5-Fr catheter to soften the thrombus, aspiration thrombectomy was performed with a large-bore sheath. In patients with an underlying anatomical stenosis or obstruction, combined angioplasty with or without stent placement was performed immediately after the complete removal of the thrombus. We then evaluated the technical and clinical outcomes of the procedure, along with any complications or recurrences of DVT.
Technical success was achieved in 24 procedures (82.8%) of single-session endovascular treatment for lower extremity DVT, and clinical success was achieved in 22 (75.9%) of these single-session procedures. Additional catheter-directed thrombolysis procedures were performed on five limbs after repeated aspiration thrombectomies failed to completely remove thrombi in those limbs. Stenotic or occlusive lesions were revealed in 24 limbs and percutaneous angioplasty procedures with or without stent placement were performed in these cases. No major complications resulted from the procedure.
Single-session endovascular treatment is a feasible technique that provides acceptable technical and clinical success with excellent safety for treating symptomatic lower extremity DVT.