Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction in survivors of childhood brain tumors in Prasat Neurological Institute.

Department ofPediatric Neurology, Prasat Neurological Institute, Bangkok, Thailand.
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet 01/2010; 93(1):38-47.
Source: PubMed


To assess hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction in childhood brain tumor survivors in Prasat Neurological Institute.
Between October 2007 and September 2008, 19 brain tumor survivor children in Prasat Neurological Institute without recurrence at least 2 years after complete treatment were included in the present study. The patients were categorized according to brain tumor location into directly (DHPA) (9 cases) and indirectly (IDHPA) (10 cases) involving hypothalamic-pituitary axis. All patients were treated by surgery. Furthermore, six cases were combined with radiation and chemotherapy and 10 cases were combined with radiation therapy only. Growth Hormone (GH) stimulation test by clonidine and/or L-Dopa, ACTH stimulation test and thyroid function test (TFT) were done.
The mean age at diagnosis was 9.9 +/- 4.6 years old and the interval from diagnosis to study was 5.8 +/- 2.2 years. Seven DHPA (77%) and seven IDHPA patients (70%) had low peak GH with significant lower level in the former group (p < 0.05). Six of seven DHPA (85%) and one IDHPA patients (10%) had low response to ACTH stimulation test. All DHPA (100%) and 10% IDHPA patients had central hypothyroidism. By ACTH stimulation test in DHPA patients, hypocortisolism was detected in five and excluded in one who later stopped prednisolone after prolonged continuation. The central hypothyroidism was newly detected in two DHPA patients and replacement therapy was initiated GH deficiency (GHD) was detected by GH stimulation test in 73% of overall brain tumors. Growth hormone therapy would be considered in the appropriate GHD patients.
With effective therapy and improving survival rates of brain tumor children, hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction in either DHPA or IDHPA group should be regularly monitored to prevent further morbidity and improve quality of life.

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