Control ciudadano a la gestión de las regalías: ¿nuevas condiciones de gobernanza en el sector petrolero colombiano?

América latina hoy: Revista de ciencias sociales, ISSN 1130-2887, VOL. 53, 2009, pags. 43-65
Source: OAI


This article aims at analyzing the introduction of transparency and accountability standards for oil royalties� management in Colombia. Through the study of the Royalties� Investment Evaluation and Follow-Up Committees (CSIR), the article intends to understand if the social accountability mechanisms create new governance conditions in the oil sector. The first part presents the arguments that support the positioning of royalties� management as a problematic topic on the public agenda. Then, the emergency of CSIR is described as a response to such problem, analyzing the elements that make possible its development and the new type of State- Society interactions engendered through its implementation at the local level. Finally, the article presents some questions about the democratic content and the real scope of these new governance conditions. Key words: governance, oil royalties� management, social accountability, local democracy, Colombia. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la introducción de criterios de transparencia y rendición de cuentas en la gestión de las regalías petroleras en Colombia. A través del estudio de los Comités de Seguimiento y Evaluación a la Inversión de Regalías (CSIR), se intenta indagar si los dispositivos de control ciudadano implican nuevas condiciones de gobernanza en el sector petrolero. Para ello, se presentan primero los argumentos que facilitan la inscripción de la gestión local de las regalías como un tema problemático en la agenda pública. Posteriormente, se describe el surgimiento de los CSIR en respuesta a dicho problema, se analizan los factores que permiten su desarrollo y el nuevo tipo de interacciones Estado-Sociedad que genera su implementación en el ámbito local. En el último aparte, se presentan las inquietudes que suscitan estas nuevas condiciones de gobernanza en términos de su contenido democrático y de sus alcances. Palabras clave: gobernanza, gestión de regalías petroleras, accountability social, democracia local, Colombia.

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    • "In addition to the aforementioned targeted transparency initiatives, experts point to a number of initiatives spearheaded by civil society organizations, which have pressured governments and companies into disclosing information that they would not otherwise have shared with the public, and have disseminated information technically available and public but difficult to obtain in practice (Gaventa and McGee, 2013; Peruzzotti, 2012). These include initiatives such as the Royalties Investment Evaluation and Follow-Up Committees in Colombia (González Espinosa, 2009), social audits, and people's budget assessments in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. 14 These initiatives are rooted in the social legitimacy of particular stakeholders in demanding specific information in the extractive sector, which is becoming increasingly important in order to obtain social licenses to operate (Gunningham, Kagan, and Thornton, 2004). "
    Transparent Governance in an Age of Abundance: Experiences from the Extractive Industries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Edited by Juan Cruz Vieyra, Malaika Masson, 12/2014: chapter 1; Inter-American Development Bank., ISBN: 978-1-59782-187-2


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